DNA

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring.

Double Helix

the twisted ladder shape of DNA

Bases

The four basic molecules that make up DNA.

Cytosine

The base that pairs with Guanine in DNA

Guanine

The base that pairs with Cytosine in DNA

Adenine

The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA

Thymine

The base that pairs Adenine in DNA

DNA Codes

Sections of DNA that determine your inherited traits; genes

Gene

A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait, a basic unit of heredity

Clone

An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced.

Genetic Modification

is the technique of changing the genetic makeup of a cell to give it certain characterisics .

Genome

complete set of an organism's genetic material

Location of DNA

A cell's nucleus

Four chemicals in DNA

Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Thymine

Chromosome

threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next

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