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Franklin Pierce

democrat dark-horse candidate in election of 1852 and became President. His son died in tragic train accident and he became an alcoholic

Fugitive Slave Act

Federal officers were to catch runaway slaves

Uncle Tom's Cabin

written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Outsold the Bible. It was important because it revealed the evils of slavery to people in the North and they became Abolitionists

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

ended the peace of the Compromise of 1850. Written by Senator Stephan Douglas. Reopened the slavery issue

Senator Stephen Douglas

wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Senator from Illinois, called the "little giant"

Bleeding Kansas

two governements now in Kansas - one for slavery, one against. Violence-in May, 1856, 800 slavery supporters attacked antislavery capital of Lawrence and sacked it.

John Brown

led his four sons to a proslavery settlement and murdered 5 men. Started civil war in Kansas and over 200 people were killed.

Sumner-Brooks Affair 1856

Charles Sumner (MA senator) made insulting remarks about Brook's uncle - Brooks came into Congress and attacked Sumner. Significant because it revealed the rising hostility between North and South

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