AP art History

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Terms for Chapter 22: Baroque art

Baroque

elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century

Reformation

a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches

Counter Reformation

Catholic Church's attempt to stop the protestant movement and to strengthen the Catholic Church

Jesuits

Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.

Baldacchino

a canopy on columns built over an altar, or over the tomb of St.Peter

Trompe l'oeil

French, "fools the eye." A form of illusionistic painting that aims to deceive viewers into believing that they are seeing real objects rather than a representation of those objects.

tenebrism

Painting in the "shadowy manner" using violent contrasts of light and dark as in the work of Caravaggio

Etching

an intaglio printmaking technique in which a metal plate is covered with an acid-resistant ground and worked with an etching needle to create an image.

drypoint

An intaglio printmaking technique in which the design is scratched directly into a metal plate with a sharp, pointed, tool that is held like a pen.

Genre painting

Most common in Holland in the 17th century, these paintings depict scenes of everyday life.

Still life

a painting of inanimate objects such as fruit or flowers

The Sun King

...

French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture

Centralized institution founded in 1648 disseminating "classicism" as the official royal style. The academy came up with a system of classification of subject matter (history paintings with narrative subjects were rated the highest and landscape and still life the lowest). Among the highest models of the academy were the ancients, Raphael, and Poussin. Artistic schools Venetian artists who "overemphasized" color, ranked low, while the Dutch and Flemish even lower.

Poussinistes vs. Rubenistes

admirers and imitators of Poussin and Rubens. the former felt that Poussin's mastery of drawing, composition, and emotional restraint were superior. the latter found greater value in Rubens' use of color, rich textures, and highly charged emotions

French Classicism

The style in seventeenth-century art and literature resembling the arts in the ancient world and in the Renaissance-e.g., the works of Poussin, Moliere, and Racine.

Quadro Riportato

a ceiling design in which painted scenes are arranged in panels resembling framed pictures transferred to the surface of a shallow, curved vault.

Di Sotto in Su

'from below upward'- the viewer becomes the viewed with a painted oculus and foreshortened people and putti (cupids) looking down- perspective and foreshortening at it's best

Gives impression of trememdous depth, unlike the sistine chapel
A trend in the Baroque.
Made ceiling illusionistic.
Took you up to the heavens

Remember Di Sotto in Su

...

Facade

the face or front of a building

Night Painters, Caravaggisti

Painters who used tenebrism, who followed caravagi.

Impasto

Use of Thick paint = REMBRANT!

Camera Obscura

A dark Room (or box) with a small hole in one side, through wich an inverted image of the view outside is projected onto the opposite wall, screen or mirror. The image is then traced.

Vanitas

An image, especially popular in Europe during the seventeenth century, in which all the object symbolize the transience of life. The paintings are usually of still lifes or genre subjects.

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