ap psy. chapter 13

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personality

individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, felling and acting

free association

when the patients relax and says whatever comes to mind, no matter what

psychoanalysis

freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts

id

seeks immediate to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives, the devil on your shoulder

ego

the "executive" part of your personality seeks to gratify things realistic but still satisfy.

super ego

voice of conscience telling us how we should behave, angle on shoulder

oedipus complex

a boys sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for he rival father

identification

according to freud, children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos

fixation

a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at early stage because of unresolved conflicts that happened earlier

regression

defense mechanism when someone faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile stage, back to something they use to do

repression

defense mechanism when someone banishes anxiety

reaction formation

defense mechanism where ego switches impulse into their opposites. opposite of their anxiety; i hate him because i love him

rationalization

defense mechanism where people self justify there actions in place of the real more threatening actions, making excuses

projection

defense mechanism where people attribute there own threatening impulses to others, blaming someone else

displacement

defense mechanism where people redirect there anger to a more safer outlet

sublimation

defense mechanism where people channel their frustration toward a different goal, getting a hobby

collective unconscious

concept of shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history

projective personality test

personality test designed to trigger projection of ones inner dynamics

thematic apperception test

personality test which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about scenes

terror-management theory

explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death

self-actualization

ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met.

unconditional positive regard

an attitude of total acceptance toward another person

personality inventories

longer questionnaires covering a wide range of feelings and behaviors are designed to assess several traits at once

MMPI

most widely researched and clinically used personality tests.

empirically derived test

a test developed by a pool of items then selecting those that discriminate between groups

social cognitive perspective

view behavior is influenced by the interaction between people's traits and social context

personal control

the extent to which people perceive control over their environment rather than feeling helpless

external locus of control

idea that chance or outside forces beyond your control determine your fate

internal locus of control

idea that you control your own fate

learned helplessness

when repeatedly faced with traumatic events over which they have no control, come to feel helpless, hopeless, and depressed

spotlight effect

overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance and blunders

self esteem

ones feeling of high or low self worth

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