Chapter 26 Quizlet

40 terms by 13grosula 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Plains Indians

Posed a serious threat to western settlers because, unlike the Eastern Indians from early colonial days, the Plains Indians possessed rifles and horses.

Sioux

Migrated to the Midwest after being pushed off the central plains. Adapted to use horses and raise crops. They followed the buffalo and lived off buffalo meat and used parts of the buffalo for their clothing, homes, tools, and weapons. Eventually their land here was taken as well.

Buffalo Soldiers

Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s

Colonel Chivington

Led US soldiers to Sand Creek where the troops massacred over 100 Cheyenne

Fettermans Massacre

Fetterman's party was lured into a trap by about 1,500 Sioux under Chief High Backbone (fl. 1860s) and massacred on December 21, 1866.

Treaty of fort laramie

Treaty that gave native americans control of the central plains

Bozeman Trail

In attempts to block the construction of this road to MT, Sioux massacred and mutilated 81 soldiers under Capt. Fetterman's command

Colonel Custer

Tried to supress indians into reservations. Found gold in black hills and tried to get indians off land to get gold.

Nez Perce

Native American Tribe that will flee capture from U.S. Troops, who almost make it to Canada.

Helen Hunt Jackson

A writer. Author of the 1881 book A Century of Dishonor. The book exposed the U.S. governments many broken promises to the Native Americans. For example the government wanted Native Americans to assimilate, i.e. give up their beliefs and ways of life, that way to become part of the white culture.

Battle of Wounded Knee

US soldiers massacred 300 unarmed Native American in 1890. This ended the Indian Wars.

Dawes Severalty Act

Bill that promised Indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. The bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to Indian tribes.

Carlisle Indian School

Failed attempt to forcibly integrate children of Native American's into US culture by way of a boarding school

Indian Reorganization Act

Government legislation that allowed the Indians a form of self-government and thus willingly shrank the authority of the U.S. government. It provided the Indians direct ownership of their land, credit, a constitution, and a charter in which Indians could manage their own affairs. Tried to restore Indian life

helldorados

boomtowns

Comstock Lode

first discovered in 1858 by Henry Comstock, some of the most plentiful and valuable silver was found here, causing many Californians to migrate here, and settle Nevada.

Pikes Peak

The discovery of gold in 1858 which sent minors on a frantic rush to the Dakota territory, Montana, and Colorado.

Homestead Act of 1862

this allowed a settler to acquire 160 acres by living on it for five years, improving it and paying about $30

Cash Crops

crops that could be sold for money. Wheat

Joseph Glidden

Invented barbed wire

John Wesley Powell

explorer and geologist who warned that traditional agriculture could not succeed west of 100th meridian

sooners

In 1889, people who illegally claimed land by sneaking past government officials before the land races began in oklahoma

Front Line

1890 no longer evident ...unsettled areas were distributed

Frederick Jackson Turner

United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)

aaron ward

a traveling salesman whose company beginning the early 1870's eliminated the "middleman," and whose services increased retail price of goods by reaching consumers directly through mail-order catalogs. First Catalouge.

Twine Binder

bound grain in bundles and deposited it in stacks

combine

harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field

National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry

Started by oliver Kelley to enhance lives of isolated farmers.

Grange Laws

held the idea of public control of private business for the general welfare; faded after courts had reversed their laws

Wabash

Illinois cant control railroad because its interstate commerce that is controlled by Federal Government.

Greenback Labor

a party that wanted dollarbills

James B. Weaver

He was the Populist candidate for president in the election of 1892; received only 8.2% of the vote. He was from the West.

Farmers Alliance

A Farmers' organization founded in late 1870s; worked for lower railroad freight rates, lower interest rates, and a change in the governments tight money policy

Colored Farmers National Alliance

More than 1 million southern black farmers organized and shared complaints with poor white farmers. By 1890 membership numbered more than 250,000. The history of racial division in the South, made it hard for white and black farmers to work together in the same org.

Populist Party

U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies

Panic of 1893

Serious economic depression beginning in 1893. Began due to rail road companies over-extending themselves, causing bank failures. Was the worst economic collapse in the history of the country until that point, and, some say, as bad as the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Eugene V Debs

Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.

Pullman Strike

in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing

William McKinley

25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist

William Tennings Bryan

A Congressman from Nebraska, three-time presidential candidate (1896, 1900, and 1908), and later Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set