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1. According to David Easton, the main function of government is to:

allocate authoritatively values for a whole society

2. The assignment of law-making, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting functions to independent branches of the government is called

separation of powers

3. Laws, regulations, policies, and decisions are:

the outputs of a political system.

4. Which one of the following is not correct about the theory of communism?

The main purpose of the communist countries is a political equality for all the citizens.

5. Which one of the following statements is correct?

None of the above.

6. In 2000, African-Americans account for approximately __________ percent of the American population.

12.7

7. By 2050, it is estimated that the largest minority group in the United States will be

Hispanics.

8. In 1997, 54 percent of Americans said that the ideal family size was __________ children.

0-2

9. In the 1840s, there were a number of people opposed to the immigration of Roman Catholics to the U.S. Many of these people got together and formed the

Know Nothing Party.

10. Conservatives believe that

there should be less government.

11. The more or less consistent set of values that are reflected in the political, economic, social, and moral order of society are called

political ideology.

12. In 1999, the poverty rate in the U.S. was approximately __________ percent

13

13. The population of the United States in 2000 was __________ million.

275

14. In 2000, __________ percent of American households had computers.

50

15. In 2000, __________ percent of Americans were college graduates.

27

16. One 1998 poll conducted by the Pew Charitable Trust found that __________ percent of Americans thought most politicians were crooks.

40

17. The single biggest reason Americans gave for not voting in a 1996 Census Bureau Report was that

they didn't have enough time to vote.

18. It is important to remember that politics often involve

conflict over ideology

19. Our system of government often changes in response to

crises.

20. The House and Senate in 1994 and 1996 experienced unprecedented numbers of retirements due to

the lack of a middle ground in American politics.

21. Each person having the same chance to succeed in life is called

equality of opportunity.

22. Coup d'etat means:

Toppling civilian government by the military officers.

23. Texas is a semi-independent state and has the right to make its own laws. Which of these laws could it not make?

Foreign policy

24. Socialism is:

An economic system for communism

25. Democracy is meaningless without

Freedom of speech

26. Theocracy is the form of government that is

ruled by religious

27. David Easton stated in his work, The Political System, 1953, that two kinds of political inputs are:

Demand and support

28. Laissez-faire is:

An economic doctrine which says that government should not regulate industry.

29. The ability to cause others to modify behavior and to conform is

political power

30. Nazi Germany would be an example of a government.

totalitarian

31. In most societies, government is

the ultimate authority which allocates values

32. Our founding fathers were influenced by:

John Locke's machine theory of government.

33. According to most scholars, how many countries around the world can be considered democracies?

Twenty-five

34. In early Greek writings, demos referred to

the common people.

35. Anarchism and Totalitarianism

are useful as theoretical framework to discuss the different types of political systems.

36. Which of the following offers the most favorable climate for free enterprise?

Capitalism

37. The effectiveness of a country's democracy is dependent of

formal procedures, basic freedoms, and knowledgeable participation of its citizenry.

38. The major reason that direct democracy is rarely practiced in modern societies is

their large size and population makes assembling the citizens impossible.

39. The Preamble to the Constitution begins

We the People...

40.The Framers would be surprised and amazed if they could see the

all of the above

41. A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and can be understood by reason is called

natural law.

42. The first widespread appearance of self-government was in the form of

social compacts.

43. A social contract theory of government was proposed by

Locke and Hobbes.

44. Hobbes argued that the only protection for the rights of the weak in a polity was a/the

single ruler

45. Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government (1689) set out a theory of

natural rights.

46. In general, __________ did not agree on the preferred form of government.

social contract theorists

47. A direct democracy is a system in which

all members of the polity meet to discuss policy and make decisions.

48. Indirect democracy is based on

representation.

49. The Internet may cause a number of changes in our political system including

a more informed electorate.

50. Adam Smith argued that free trade produced the wealth of nations through

the invisible hand.

51. The economic system that favors public control of business and government regulation is called

socialism.

52. An economic system that advocates collective ownership and control of the means of production is called

socialism.

53. The idea that governments draw legitimacy and power from the governed is often referred to as

popular consent.

54. The theory that all important decisions in society are made by the few is called

elite theory.

55. Robert Dahl argued that a single elite could never control the United States because of the diversity of groups and interests here. This theory is called

pluralism.

56. The single most important characteristic of American democracy is

personal liberty.

57. Attitudes toward the political system and its various parts are often called

political culture.

58. One year after the Constitution was ratified, the population of the United States was about __________ million.

four

59. Most Americans in the early republic shared some characteristics including

a Protestant-Christian heritage.

60. The Constitution mandated that each member of the House of Representatives should represent __________ citizens.

30,000

61. Today, each member of the House of Representatives may represent as many as __________ citizens.

882,000

62. In general, the U.S. population is

getting older.

63. From the 1880s to 1910s, many of the immigrants who came to the United States were from

Northern and Eastern Europe.

64. The decade with the single largest number of immigrants entering the United States was

1901-1910.

65. The largest growing segment of the American population is the

Hispanic

66. Representative democracy is:

Practiced in only a relatively small number of nations.

67. Identify the correct statement.

The type of a political system is determined by the way in which legislative, executive, and judicial branches are organized in a country.

68. Which one of the following statements is correct?

Generally, all independent states have a full sovereignty within their borders.

69. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

East Germany was a good example of a representative democracy before unification.

70. Which of the following stands opposite totalitarianism on a continuum of governmental scope?

Anarchism

71. Which of the following is typically associated with socialism?

Karl Marx

72. Services that benefit all citizens but are not likely to be produced by voluntary acts of individuals are

public goods

73. Capitalism can best be described as...

an economic system in which production and property are privately owned, with a minimum of government interference.

74. Education, sanitation, and highways are examples of a governments efforts to

provide public goods.

75. A political system in which one individual has the power to make all important decisions is called .

an autocracy

76. A monarchy is a type of government that

the supreme power of the state is exercised by one person.

77. Most political scientists view the American political system as...

a representative democracy

78. A republican form of government refers to

a government that operates through elected representatives of the people.

79. In socialist nations, one of the government's major functions is....

to organize the production and distribution of economic goods.

80. Each citizen having only one vote defines the concept of

political equality.

1. A special law passed for the purpose of punishing a certain person without a trial is called:

None of the above.

2. According to the New Jersey Plan, how was representation structured in Congress?

There would be one house, with states having equal representation therein

3. The Constitution is divided among three branches of government because

separation of powers made tyranny difficult

4. The Constitution created a two chamber legislature because

it allowed for compromise between those who believed all states should be equal and those who insisted that a state's representation should be based on population.

5. The system of checks and balances is illustrated by the power of the legislature to

impeach.

6. The system of government in which power is divided between the state and national governments is called

federalism

7. Most proposals for legislation originate with the

president.

8. The principles of separation of powers and checks and balances originated with

Montesquieu.

9. The Legislative Branch is established in

Article I

10. Another name for the elastic clause is

the necessary and proper clause.

11. Federal judges are appointed by the president and approved by the Senate for a term of

life.

12. The authority of a court to review the acts of the legislature, executive, or the states to determine their constitutionality is called

judicial review.

13. The full faith and credit clause can be found in

Article IV

14. The first capital of the United States was

New York City

15. Article VI is also known as the

Supremacy Clause

16. Once the Constitutional Convention was completed, the drive for ratification in the states began. Those who favored ratification were known as

Federalists.

17. Once the Constitutional Convention was completed, the drive for ratification in the states began. Those who favored strong states and a weak national government, and thus opposed ratification, were called

Anti-Federalists.

18. A series of 85 political papers written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison in support of ratification were called the

Federalist Papers

19. The Anti-Federalists demanded a series of amendments to the Constitution to protect individual liberties. They were adopted in 1791 and are known as

the Bill of Rights.

20. The Madison Amendment that prohibits Congress from raising their own salaries during the term of Congress was passed many years after it was proposed. It is also known as the __________ Amendment.

27th

21. Among the provisions of the Articles of Confederation were all of the following EXCEPT:

creation of a judicial, but not an executive branch.

22. The Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia in 1787 for the purpose of:

revising the Articles of Confederation.

23. The New Jersey Plan proposed at the 1787 Constitutional Convention:

proposed to protect rights of smaller states

24. An amendment to the Constitution can be proposed by the:

Congress

25. To be ratified, a proposed amendment to the Constitution must be approved by:

three-quarters of the state legislatures

26. The net result of the Great Compromise was the:

reconciliation of large and small state interests.

27. Our founding fathers were influenced by:

John Locke's machine theory of government.

28. The Declaration of Independence set forth the American Creed which stressed

all of the above.

29. Who is frequently called "the father of the Constitution"?

James Madison

30. Article II of the Constitution is concerned with

B. the executive

31. Section 13 of the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789:

Authorizes the Supreme Court to issue a writ of mandamus

32. Article III of the Constitution is concerned with

the judiciary

33. Opponents of the Constitution demanded inclusion of the Bill of Rights because they feared abuse of power by

the national government

34. The Virginia Plan called for

a national excutive to be elected by the legislature

35. In the historic case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the United States Supreme Court

established its power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

36. In his historic decision in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), Chief Justice Marshall established the principle of

flexible construction of the Constitution

37. The Fourteenth Amendment

d. all of the above

38. Passed in 1992, the Twenty-seventh Amendment

specifies that any vote by Congress to increase congressional salaries cannot take effect until after the next Congress is elected

39. Eighteen to twenty-one year olds received the right to vote in the

Twenty-Sixth Amendment

40. Colonists came to the New World for a variety of reasons including

all of the above.

41. In 1765, the American colonists initiated a major protest against the

Stamp Act.

42. Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams were among the leaders of the

Sons of Liberty.

43. The first official meeting among the 13 colonies was the

Stamp Act Congress.

44. In order to facilitate communication and the flow of information among independence minded colonists, they formed

Committees of Correspondence

45. The First Continental Congress was called in opposition to the

Coercive Acts

46. At the First Continental Congress, there were delegates from

every colony except Georgia.

47. Fighting in the American Revolution broke out in the battle at

Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.

48. In 1776, Thomas Paine issued a pamphlet arguing for colonial independence from Britain, titled

Common Sense.

49. The Declaration of Independence was drafted by

Thomas Jefferson.

50. In 1781, the 13 colonies adopted the __________ as the basis of their government.

Articles of Confederation

51. A type of government in which the national government is weaker than the sum of its parts is called

confederacy

52. The Articles of Confederation were also called

a loose league of friendship.

53. Under the political system established in 1781, the national government

all of the above

54. Under the Articles of Confederation, the executive branch was

virtually nonexistent.

55. The 1786 rebellion in which an army of 1500 disgruntled farmers marched on Springfield, Massachusetts to prevent foreclosure on their farms was called

Shays's Rebellion

56. The Virginia Plan called for a national system with

a strong central government and a bicameral legislature.

57. The smaller states presented a plan at the Constitutional Convention advocating the strengthening of the Articles of Confederation. The plan was presented by

New Jersey.

58. The most serious disagreement in the debate between large and small states at the Constitutional Convention was the issue of

representation in Congress.

59. A committee was appointed at the Constitutional Convention to work out the differences between the proposals of large and small states; the result was the

Great Compromise.

60. The Committee on Unfinished Portions was tasked with ironing out problems concerning

the executive branch.

61. The electoral college system for electing the president was designed to give

the states a key role

62. The sole responsibility of investigating and charging a president or vice president with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" falls to the

House of Representatives

63. The last section of the Constitution to be drafted was

the Preamble.

64. The division of powers among the three branches of government is called

separation of powers

65. A governmental structure that gives each of the three branches some degree of oversight and control of each other is called

checks and balances

66. What was the last state (original colonies) to ratify the Constitution?

Rhode Island E. Hawaii

67. How many amendments have been ratified by Constitutional Convention in three-fourths of the states?

One

68. The most frequently used formal method of amending the Constitution is

proposal by a two thirds vote of both houses of Congress; ratification by three-fourths of the state legislatures.

69. Generally speaking, which of the states were favored by the Virginia Plan?

Larger states

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