Skeletal and Muscular Systems Test Review

27 terms by amieross2442 

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Skeletal System

Stores fat and other minerals.
Makes new blood cells.
Connective tissue that protects internal organs.

Muscular System

Provides the force required for body movements.
Controls heartbeat.
Controls movement of food through the digestive system.

Both Systems together

Contain blood vessels and nerve tissue.
Allows you to ride a bike or skateboard.
Made up of living cells.

Ligaments

Connective tissue that connects bone to bone.

Cardiac Muscle

Found only in the heart and controls the heartbeat.

Tendons

Connective tissues that attach muscles to bones.

Skeletal Muscle

Type of muscles that work in pairs to move the bones.

Cartilage

Connective tissue found between bones to cushion bones and give shape and flexibility to other body parts.

Smooth Muscle

Muscle that controls involuntary movements in the internal organs of the body.

Ball and Socket Joints

Found where the bones are able to move in complete rotation or circular motion such as the hips and shoulders.

Gliding Joints

Found where bones slide over each other like in the wrist and ankles.

Pivot Joints

Rotate around each other like in the neck.

Hinge Joints

Found in the fingers and toes.

Bone

Strong connective tissue that makes up the internal skeleton.

Bone Marrow

The soft tissue that fills the internal spaces in bones and make blood cells.

Contract

The shortening or lengthening of a muscle that causes a force to be exerted.

Extensor

Muscle that allows a joint to straighten.

Flexor

Muscle that contracts to bend a joint.

Heartbeat

The repeated involuntary contractions of the heart controlled by the cardiac muscles.

Immovable Joint

Place where two bones come together that allows little or no movement.

Involuntary Muscles

Muscles that are not under conscious control (you don't have to think about them).

Joint

A place where two or more bones meet.

Movable Joint

Place where two bones come together that allows a wide range of movement.

Muscle

Type of tissue that provides the forces for movement.

Osteoporosis

A condition in which the loss of minerals can cause bones to become weak and break easily.

Vertebrae

The small bones that make up the spine.

Voluntary Muscle

A muscle that is under conscious control(you think about these).

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