takes the place of a noun
1st person- having to do with me
2nd person- having to do with you
3rd person- having to do with everyone else
reflective back to oneself:
myself, yourself, himself, yourself, itself, our self, yourselves, themselves
starts adj dependent clause:
that, which, who, whom, whose
asks a question:
Which? Who? Whose? What? Whom?
demonstrates which one:
this, that, these those
doesn't refer to a person or a thing:
each, either, few, some, all, most, etc.
modifies noun and pronouns
modifies adjectives: Tells How? When? Where? To what extent?
joins words, phrases, and clauses
FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Starts adv dependent clauses (has to be followed by subject and verb) After, since, before, while etc.
not only/ but also, neither/nor, either/ or, both/and
noun clause identifier
starts noun dependent clause:
that, who, whether, why, what, how, when, where, whom, whoever, etc.
expresses emotion but has no real connection to the sentence
links two words together:
is, be, am, are, was, were, been, being, etc.
"helps" and action verb or a linking verb
words formed by a verb but acting as a noun, adjective, or adverb
verb acting as a noun; ends in -ing or -ed
Running is fun.
verb acting as an adjective
ends in -ing or -ed
I have running shoes.
to + verb; can act as noun
I like to dance.