Who were the Mongols?
fierce nomadic warriors
How did Temujin become khan?
fought and defeated all his rivals for leadership one by one
Temujin changes his name to Genghis Khan, What does this mean?
what military advantage did the Mongols have?
moved quickly, looked for weak spots, attacked, and moved on
What relative replaced Genghis when he died
Ogadai, his son
How many khanates was the Mongol Empire divided into?
4 large groups..
Who took power over the Chinese part of the empire?
Kublai Khan, Genghis grandson
What year did the Mongols gain control of all China?
control of china in 1279
Who was the first ruler in 300 years to control all of China?
first ruler, Kublai Khan
What new dynasty was established?
What happened to the civil-service examination system?
ended the examination for choosing officials
What did Kublai Khan accomplish in this 15 years as China;s ruler?
rebuild china, restored the Grand Canal,built a paved highway ,created contacts
Describe the special ritual Kublai Khan performed every August.
scattering horse milk on the ground and calling out the name of his grandfather, Genghis Khan
What were traded along the silk roads?
silks, porcelain, tea,and other goods ,new foods, plants, and minerals
Who was Marco Polo?
famous European visitor who was a young trader from Venice, Italy
What made Marco Polo famous?
was Kublai Khan assistant and published((wrote) a book about his adventures.