Southern and Eastern Asia Culture part 2

14 terms by mwrowland

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GA 7th Grade

Hinduism

A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms

Brahman

the universal spirit (supreme being) of which all gods and goddesses are different parts

polytheistic

Belief in many gods

reincarnation

the belief that the human soul is reborn again and again in different bodies rebirth

karma

Hinduism and Buddhism, the totality of the good and bad deeds performed by a person, which is believed to determine his or her fate after rebirth

Moksha

The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.

Ganges River

Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.

Caste system

traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.

Islam

A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.

monotheistic

Belief in one god

Five Pillars

Basic rules of Islam. 1. Profession of faith 2. Pray five times a day 3. Give alms (give money) 4. Ramadan fast 5. Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

Shintoism

the ancient indigenous religion of Japan characterized by worship of nature spirits and of ancestors.

Kami

gods or nature spirits of Japanese religion, which lived in all things, such as waterfalls, sand, and great trees

Confucianism

A philosophy based on the ideas of Confucius that focuses on morality (proper conduct), family order, social harmony (golden rule), and government.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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