is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does nto contain both a verb and its subject
when a word group that contains a verb and its subject and that is used as a sentence or as a part of a sentence
includes prposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object
a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun/ answers the questions: what kind? Which one? How many? How much?
a prepositional phrase that is used to modify a verb, an adjective, or an adverb/ answers the questions: When? Where? Why? How? How often? and How long?
independent (or main) clause
expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence
subordinate (or dependant) clause
does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence
is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun/ usually tells: Which one ? OR What kind?
is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb/ answers ?'s: How? When? Where? To what extent? How much? How long? or Under what conditions?
has one independent clause and no subordinate clauses
consists of two or more independent clauses, usually joined by a comma and a connecting word
contains one independant clause and at least one subordinate clause/ subord. clauses usually begin w/ wordssuch as : who, whose, which, that, after, as, if, since, and when
compound- complex sentence
a sentence with two or more independant clauses and at least one sub. clause