Domain 1: Development and Characteristics of Learners

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Children whose behaviors deviate from society's standars for normal behavior are identified as having...

disabilities

Why have the terms "emotional disturbance"and "behavioral disorder" become interchangeable?

Because some behavior problems are openlyexpressed and others are inwardly directed and not very obvious

4 requirements in IDEA definition of EBD

1. persist over time
2. are intense
3. impair a child's ability to function in society
4. adversely affect a child's educational performance

For a label of EBD, what must NOT be the cause?

behavior that results from a temporarily stressful situation or other factors.

5 characteristics required for a label of EBD

1. inability to learn that is not caused by intellectual, sensory or health factors.
2. inability to maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships
3. inappropriate behaviors
4. general pervasive mood of unhapiness/depression
5. physical symptoms of fears associated with personal or school problems

What mental health condition may qualify an individual for an EBD label?

Schizophrenia

What condition does not qualify for an EBD label when it exists on its own?

Social maladjustment

What publication is used to classify mental disorders?

DSM-IV

Define: DSM-IV

a multiaxial classification system consisting of dimensions (axes) coded along with psychiatric diagnosis

What is Axis I?

Principal psychiatric disorders

What is 1 example of an Axis 1 disorder?

overanxious disorder

What is Axis 2?

developmental problems

What is 1 example of an Axis 2 disorder?

developmental reading disorder

What is Axis 3?

Physical Disorders

What is 1 example of an Axis 3 disorder?

allergies

What is Axis IV?

Psychosocial stressors

What is 1 example of an Axis IV disorder?

divorce

What is Axis V?

Rating of the highest level of adaptive functioning

What are 2 examples of ratings from Axis v?

1. intellectual
2. social

What is the rating scale in Axis V called?

Global Assessment Functioning (GAF)

What is another way to classify behavioral disorders? (General)

via the form in which behavioral disorders manifest themselves.

Give 1 example of how EBD can be classified based on how the behaviors manifest themselves:

1. Externalizing vs. Internalizing behaviors

Defined: Externalizing behaviors

Aggressive Behaviors expressed outwardly toward others

defined: Internalizing Behaviors

withdrawing behaviors that are directed inward to oneself

List 4 well-known instruments to assess children's behavior

1. Walker Problem Identification Checklist
2.Burk's Behavioral Rating Scales
3. Devereux Behavior Rating Scale (adolescent)
4. Revised Behavior Problem Checklist

What is a way to categorize EBD based on characteristic of the disability?

Categories based on degrees of severity

What are the subcategories used when EBD is categorized by degree of severity?

mild, moderate, severe

What are 2 reasons that it is important to identify the degree of severity of an EBD?

1. it will affect the type and degree of interventions and services required by the student with an EBD?
2. important to consider when determining the LRE and the services required to achieve FAPE

What 5 developmental areas should be considered when assessing and planning for the developmental needs of individuals with disabilities?

1. speech and language
2. find and gross motor skills
3. cognitive abilities
4. emotional development
5. social skills

define: language

the means whereby people communicate their thoughts, make requests, and respond to others

define: communication competence

the interaction of cognitive competence, social knowledge, and language competence

what areas of communication and language and development may be affected when a child has a communication problem?

any of the areas of social competence

Who was the first to describe language as a function of developmental stages rather than age?

Brown

What formula for langauge development did Brown develop?

total number of morphenes per 100 utterances=mean length of untterance (total morphemes/100=MLU)

What are the names of the 5 stages of MLU and language development?

1. L
2. LI
3. LII
4. IV
5. V

What is the developmental features of MLU stage L?

14 basic morphemes

What is the developmental features of MLU stage LI?

Beginning of pronoun use, auxiliary verbs

What is the developmental features of MLU stage LII?

Language forms approximate adult forms; beginning of questions and negative statements

What is the developmental features of MLU stage IV?

use of complex (embedded) sentences

What is the developmental features of MLU stage V?

use of compound sentences

What are the 5 components of language?

1. phonology
2. morphology
3. syntax
4. semantics
5. pragmatics

Define: morphemes

the smallest unit of language that convey meaning or function

Define: phonology

the system or rules about sounds and sound combinations for a language

Define: free morphemes

units that can stand alone as root wods

Define: bound morphemes

morphological units that do not stand alone and convey or alter meaning when attached to other morphemes

what is the smallest unit of sound that combines with other sounds to make words?

phonemes

Do most phonemes have meaning when they stand alone?

no

3 manifestations of problems related to phonemes:

1. developmental delays in acquiring consonants
2. reception problems like misinterpreting words because a different consonant was substituted
3. difficulty learning the sound-symbol code

What is the "sound-symbol" code?

phonics

Give 1 example of a free morpheme?

"walk"

What are 2 types of words that are bound morphemes?

1. pre-fixes
2. suffixes

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