not one of the 12; possibly John Mark mentioned in Acts; companion of Peter
gentile Christians new in their faith
When was Mark written?
between 65-70 CE
Where was Mark written?
harried, hurried, human; earthy, easy to relate to; comfortable to be around; constantly hemmed in by crowds; strong emotions; human, not only divine
Jesus as suffering servant; heavy sense of suffering; Jesus has much to show us
How many chapters in Mark?
not one of the 12; Gentile, Greek convert; companion of Paul; though to be a well-educated physician
When was Luke written?
Where was Luke written?
Achaia, Greece or Antioch, Syria
compassionate, forgiving, merciful; friend and advocate of the anawim; deeply loves all people
gospel of women, holy spirit, universal salvation, mercy and forgiveness
How many chapters in Luke
traditionally considered to be the apostle Matthew, the tax collector; contains some of Mark and Luke
primarily Jewish; many references to the Old Testament; attempts to show Jesus is promised Messiah but for all people
When was Matthew written?
Where was Matthew written?
probably in or near Antioch, Syria
long-awaited messiah; New Moses; rabbi, teacher; stresses OT connection; life fulfilled what God promised; Jesus the New Israel is obedient
Jesus has a lot to tell us; assembles Jesus's teachings into 5 speeches or discourses; used to teach
Matthew's infancy narrative
Jesus's family tree back to Abraham; magi come to worship Christ child; Joseph as parent is important central figure
How many chapter in Matthew?
divine son of God, noble, majestic Jesus; co-exists with the father; "I am" passages in John; one enters a whole new world; Jesus is totally in control, even at death; most theological/reflective of the four
traditionally the apostle John, now believed to be written by one of John's students
Jews and Gentiles
When was John written?
Where was John written?
Ephesus or Galilee
opening verse inspires awe; See Jesus as divine - coexistent with the Father; Acknowledges Jesus' humanity, but stresses his divinity
the synoptic gospels
have a certain commonality, order of events, parables, etc.; focus human jesus
John compared to synoptic gospels
different from the other three; The reader enters a whole new world; Focus: "divine" Jesus
Christology of Mark
suffering messiah and servant leader; dies for the sake of humanity; "Messianic Secret"
Christology of Matthew
fulfillment of OT prophesies; long awaited messiah; son of God, new Moses, teacher and law giver
Christology of Luke
spirit filled, compassionate savior of the oppressed, both Jews and Gentiles
Christology of John
Jesus as God among us, Incarnate Word, light of the world, the way, the truth, and the life
in Mark's gospel, the disciples recognized Jesus as the messiah but were directed not to tell anyone else
Greek for "word"; title for Jesus found in John that illuminates the relationship between the three persons of the trinity
Hebrew word for the poor and marginalized
the traditionally recognized authors of the four gospels
"good news"; the four books of the life and teaching of Jesus written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
"I Am" statements
establishes Jesus's divinity
name given to matt mark luke because they are similar in style and content