← Antobiotic Drugs Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- CIPROFLOXACIN side effects are
- Oxacillin Use
- CEFTRIAXONE Action -
- PIPERACILLIN Action -
- a Seizures, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, insomnia, agitation, confusion, d/n/r , pseudomembranous colitis, abdominal pain, abnormal liver enzymes, vaginitis, photosensitivity, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, eosinophilia, phlebitits at IV site, tendinitis, tendon rupture, peripheral neuropathy, anaphylaxis
- b Action - Binds to bacterial cell wall, causing cell death; bactericidal action; spectrum is broader than penicillins
Use- skin & skin structure infections, otitis media, sinusitis, respiratory infections, genitourinary infections, endocarditis prophylaxis, postexposure inhalational anthrax prophylaxis, mgmt of ulcer disease due to Helicobacter pylori
Side Effect - d/n/v/r, seizures (high Doses), increase liver enzymes, urticaria, blood dyscrasias, anaphylaxis, serum sickness, superinfection
Contraindictions - Hypersensitivity to penicillins (cross-sensitivity exists to cephalosporins and other beta-lactams). Tablets for oral suspension (DisperMox) contain aspartame
Nursing implications - PO ; Less GI distress than Ampilicin; s/s anaphylaxis, Monitor bowl function
Trade/Generic Name - Amoxil, DisperMox, Moxatag, Trimox
Classification - aminopenicillins; anti-infectives, antiulcer agents
Dosage: PO 250-500mg q 8hrs
500-875mg q 12hrs
- c Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death. Spectrum is extended compared with other penicillins; Death of susceptible bacteria( active against piperacillin-resistant, beta-lactamase-producing)
- d Action - Binds to the bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death; Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria; Similar to that of second-generation cephalosporins, but activity against staphylococci is less, while activity against gram-negative pathogens is greater, even for organisms resistant to first- and second-generation agents. Notable is increased action against.
- e Respiratory tract infections, sinusitis, skin & skin structure infections , bone & joint infections, urinary tract infection , endocardistis, bacterium, meningitis
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Action - Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death; Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria; Active against many gram-positive cocci including. (Streptococcus pneumonia, Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. , Penicillinase-producing staphylococci) Active against some gram-negative rods including(Proteus mirabilis & Escherichia coli)
Use - Treatment of the following infections due to susceptible organisms, Skin and skin structure infections (including burn wounds). Pneumonia, Urinary tract infections, Biliary tract infections, Genital infections, Bone and joint infections, Septicemia, Bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis for dental and upper respiratory procedures; Perioperative prophylaxis
Side Effect - d/n/v/r; seizures(high doses), pseudomembranous colitis, cramps, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, Pruritis, urticaria, leucopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, pain at IM site, phlebitis at IV site, anaphylaxis serum sickness, superinfection
Contraindictions - Hypersensitivity to cephalosporins, Serious hypersensitivity to penicillins
Nursing implications - IM / IV; observe for s/s of anaphylaxis & monitor bowel function
Trade / Generic Name - Ancef
Classification - First Generation cephalosporins; anti- infectives
Dosage IM/IV 500mg - 2gm q 6-8 hrs max 12gm/day
Mild infection with gram positive cocci 250-500mg q
Pneumonia 500mg q 12hrs
- Previous hypersensitivity to penicillin; Cross sensitivity with cephaloporins & beta lactam antibiotics
- Nursing implications - IM / IV; observe for s/s of anaphylaxis & monitor bowel function
- Binds to bacterial cell wall, causing cell death; bactericidal action; spectrum is broader than penicillins
- Inhibits protein synthesis in bacteria at level of 30S ribosome; Bactericidal action; Notable for activity against. ›
5 True/False Questions
AUGMENTIN (Amoxicillin/Clavulanate) Use → Skin and skin structure infection Otitis media, Sinusitis Respiratory tract infections, Genitourinary tract infections.
CIPROFLOXACIN → PO, IV: Treatment of the following bacterial infections. › Urinary tract infections, including cystitis, pyelonephritis, and prostatitis.
› Respiratory tract infections, including acute sinusitis, acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia, and nosocomial pneumonia.
› Uncomplicated and complicated skin and skin structure infections.
• Post-exposure treatment of inhalational anthrax
CEFAZOLIN side effects are → - d/n/v/r; seizures(high doses), pseudomembranous colitis, cramps, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, Pruritis, urticaria, leucopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, pain at IM site, phlebitis at IV site, anaphylaxis serum sickness, superinfection
CEFUROXIME → Use - Treatment of. Respiratory tract infections, Skin and skin structure infections, Bone and joint infections (IV), Urinary tract infections, Gynecological infections, Septicemia (IV), Otitis media (PO), Meningitis (IV), Lyme disease (PO); Perioperative prophylaxis (IV).
CEFAZOLIN Action - → Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death; Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria. Similar to that of first-generation cephalosporins but has increased activity against several other gram-negative pathogens