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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. AUGMENTIN (Amoxicillin/Clavulanate) side effects are
  2. CEFUROXIME Action -
  3. CEFUROXIME
  4. PENICILLIN G or V Contraindications -
  5. CEFUROXIME Use
  1. a Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death; Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria. Similar to that of first-generation cephalosporins but has increased activity against several other gram-negative pathogens
  2. b Action - Binds to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death; Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria. Similar to that of first-generation cephalosporins but has increased activity against several other gram-negative pathogens including. Haemophilus influenzae (including B -lactamase-producing strains) Haemophilus parainfluenzae
    › Escherichia coli.
    › Klebsiella pneumoniae.
    › Neisseria .
    › Proteus.
    › Moraxella catarrhalis.
    › Borrelia burgdorferi.

    Use - Treatment of. Respiratory tract infections, Skin and skin structure infections, Bone and joint infections (IV), Urinary tract infections, Gynecological infections, Septicemia (IV), Otitis media (PO), Meningitis (IV), Lyme disease (PO); Perioperative prophylaxis (IV).

    Side Effect - d/n/v/r; urticaria, diaper dermatitis, seizures (high doses) pseudomembranous colitis, bleeding eosinophilia, hemolytic anemia, leucopenia, Pain @ IM site, phlebitis @ IV site, allergic reactions including anaphylaxis, superinfection

    Contraindictions - Hypersensitivity to cephalosporins. Serious hypersensitivity to penicillins

    Nursing implications - PO, admin with food; IM/IV, Direct IV, Intermittent infusion

    Trade / Generic Name - Ceftin, zinacef

    Classification - 2nd generation cephalosporins; anti- infectives

    Dosage: PO 250mg q 12hrs- Pharyngitis/tonsillitis, UTI
    250mg-500mg q12- Bronchitis
    IM 750mg q 8hrs UTI
    1.5 q 6hrs- Life threatening infections
  3. c Previous hypersensitivity to penicillin
  4. d - d/v/n/r urticaria, seizures(high doses) pseudomembranous colitis, hepatic dysfunction, vaginal candidiasis, blood dycrasias, allergic reactions including anaphylaxis & serum sickness, superinfection
  5. e Use - Treatment of. Respiratory tract infections, Skin and skin structure infections, Bone and joint infections (IV), Urinary tract infections, Gynecological infections, Septicemia (IV), Otitis media (PO), Meningitis (IV), Lyme disease (PO); Perioperative prophylaxis (IV).

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. skin & skin structure infections, soft-tissue infections, otitis media, sinusitis, respiratory infections, genitourinary infections, meningitis, septicemia. Endocarditis prophylaxi
  2. ataxia, vertigo, ototoxicity(vestibulare & cochlear) nephrotoxiticy, muscle paralysis(high parenteral doses); hybersensitivyt reactions
  3. Seizures, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, insomnia, agitation, confusion, d/n/r , pseudomembranous colitis, abdominal pain, abnormal liver enzymes, vaginitis, photosensitivity, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, eosinophilia, phlebitits at IV site, tendinitis, tendon rupture, peripheral neuropathy, anaphylaxis
  4. IM / IV use for moderately severe to severe infections; change to PO asap; s/s anaphylaxis & monitor bowl functions
  5. PO ; Less GI distress than Ampilicin; s/s anaphylaxis, Monitor bowl function

5 True/False questions

  1. AMPICILLIN Action -bind to bacterial cell wall, leading to cell death; Inactivated by penicillinase enzyme; Gram positive aerobic cocci

          

  2. AUGMENTIN (Amoxicillin/Clavulanate) Nursing implications -Hypersensitivity to penicillins or clavulanate, Suspension and chewable tablets contain aspartame and should be avoided in phenylketonurics; History of amoxicillin/clavulanate-associated cholestatic jaundice.

          

  3. CEFAZOLIN Nursing implications -Nursing implications - IM / IV; observe for s/s of anaphylaxis & monitor bowel function

          

  4. LEVOFLOXACINPO, IV: Treatment of the following bacterial infections. › Urinary tract infections, including cystitis, pyelonephritis, and prostatitis.
    › Respiratory tract infections, including acute sinusitis, acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia, and nosocomial pneumonia.
    › Uncomplicated and complicated skin and skin structure infections.
    • Post-exposure treatment of inhalational anthrax

          

  5. LEVOFLOXACIN side effects areataxia, vertigo, ototoxicity(vestibulare & cochlear) nephrotoxiticy, muscle paralysis(high parenteral doses); hybersensitivyt reactions

          

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