Twisting the Lion's Tail
• American politicians acted against Britain to stir up support for Irish votes.
• Were seen to work for low wages, which in turn brought wages down in general.
• The Irish were predominantly Catholic, receiving animosity for their religious denomination from the Protestants in America and England.
• The British born immigrant, deemed "Father of the Factory System", recreated a British textile factory machine, and also helped to build Americas first cotton mill.
• Linked farms in the Midwest to the markets of New York from the great lakes and the Hudson River.
• Transportation was more than 3x as fast and shipping rates dropped by 5%. The Canal encouraged agricultural development in the West and the industrial movement in New England.
Market Revolution (MR)
• Period after the Civil in which the U.S. economy transformed. Farmers began selling crops, and industry expanded production, reducing prices.
• The MR also provoked the Embargo Act, the War of 1812 and other key factors such as changes in transportation, manufacturing, technology, and communications.
Commonweath vs. Hunt
• Labor unions were ruled as not illegal by the Massachusetts Supreme Court, but since less than 1% belonged to a labor union, employers would often fire union organizers and replace them with immigrants.
Boston Associates & Lowell Mills
• Wanting to protect the economic benefits of industrialization, Jeffersonians recruited young women to work at Lowell, where they were supervised 24 hours a day.
• They were required to attend Church, and provided with lectures and intellectual opportunities. However, they were forbidden to join a labor union, and soon wanted out, being replaced by immigrants.
Cult of Domesticity
• A wide spread belief that praised the traditional tasks of a homemaker.
• Women were thought to shape the family with their gifts in religion and child raising. In the 1880 and 90's, domesticity expanded as women were developing an artistic environment in the home, leading to the cultural enrichment of families.
• Displaced farmers of failed crops and political liberals fled the failed democratic revolution.
• The Germans were more financially secure than the Irish, and moved mostly into the Midwest, buying land for farming.
• They added the Christmas tree, Conestoga wagon, and Kentucky rifles into American culture, and also tended to be supporters of schools, art, and music, but they opposed slavery.
• The mass-production of the first mechanical horse-drawn mower-reaper for harvesting grain, allowing one man to do the work of five or six.
• Devices such as Deer's plow and McCormick's reaper encouraged farmers to expand production, thus increasing national interest in obtaining more land.