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colostomy

artificial opening that permits feces from the colon to exit through the stoma

constipation

passage of dry hard stools

defecation

emptying of the large intestine also called a bowel movement

diarrhea

passage of excessively liquid, nonformed stool

enema

introduction of a solution in to the large intestine

fecal impaction

prolonged retention or an accumulation of fecal material that forms a hardened mass in teh rectum

flatus

intestinal gas

hemorrhoids

abnormally distended veins in the anal area

ileostomy

artificial opening created to allow liquid fecal content from the ileum to be eliminated through a stoma

ostomy

surgically formed opening from the inside of an organ to the outside

Enema procedure

placed 18 inches above the pt, insert 3-4 inches and angle to the navel, unclamp hose and let solution move slowly for 5-10 minutes while holding the tube in place. clamp tubing and remove tubing. have pt retain enema until they have to go badly. dispose equipment while waiting, help pt to bathroom

common enema solutions pg 664

tap water (hypotonic) 500-100ml effect time 15 minutes

normal saline isotonic 500-1000ml, 15 mins,

soap 500-1000 ml, 10-15 min, irritation or damage

hyperotnic 70-130 ml 5-10 min sodium retention

oil 150-200ml, lubricates 30 min

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