French Colonial Policy
*Only allowed Catholic emigrants.
*Fewer people emigrated.
*Held lands loosely, traded for furs.
*Organized to keep Indians loyal to Britain
*Aimed for colonial unity v. France.
*Franklin proposed it as a framework for Home Rule, but was shot down.
Forts Duquesne and Necessity
*Duquesne was a French fort in the Ohio, where Washington, commanding British forces, built Necessity and fought, starting the French and Indian War.
He was ambushed by a smaller French/Indian force, defeated and killed, leaving PA, VI, MA, and NJ open to raids.
The British "Organizer of Victory" whose smart military decisions helped win the war.
Battle of Quebec
General Wolfe sent his troops up a cliff at night to gain an advantage over Montcalm, won the war for Britain.
Treaty of Paris
Ended the French and Indian War, made France leave continental North America
Impact of the War
*Trained colonial military officers and soldiers
*Increased colonial unity
*Increased tensions with Britain
*Reduced the military need for British presence
*Incurred a huge debt
*Lead Britain to end Salutary Neglect
*Killed 2000 British soldiers
*Caused Britain to establish a stronger military presence.
Proclamation of 1763
*Closed land west of the Appalachian mountains to settlement.
*Angered colonists who felt that they had fought for that land.