Medical Terminology

110 terms by Donnac

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digestive

3 section of the small intestines

duodenum, jejumum, ileum

bradypepsia

a medical term that means slow digestion

duodenum

a common bile duct that empties into the_______________________

liver

an elevated alanine transaminase level indicates this disease

carbohydrates

saliva contains digestive enzymes to begin digestion

lavage

a procedure uses a nasogastric tube to washout the stomach

cleft lip

a condition that is a congential anomaly

esophagus

the spiglottis shunts food into this

volvulus

the twisting of the colon on itself

groin

a inguinal hernia is found here

emesis

a medical term for vomiting

cecum

food leaving the small intestines first enters this part of the colon

gastralgia

medical term which means stomach pain

hydrochloric acid

what the stomach secreats

functions of the digestive system

eliminates solid waste, digests food, absorbs nutrients

anastomosis

a surgical term that means too surgically create a connection between 2 sections

Pancreatic enzymes digest:

protein, carbohydrates, fats

laxative

a medication used to treat constipation

antiemetic

a medication used to treat nausea & vomiting

IV cholecystography

a x-ray used to visualize the gallbladder

mouth

aphthous ulsers are found here

cecum

the appendix is a small structure off the end of this

sigmoidoscopy

a endoscopic exam used to view a inside section of the colon

rectum

feces is stored here

fistulectomy

a surgical procedure to remove a abnormal passageway

tongue

taste buds are located here

jaundice

a yellow cast to the skin that indicates liver disease

choledocholithotripsy

a surgical procedure that treats stones in the digestive system

bile

produced by the gallbladder

salivary glands

submandibular, sublingual, parotid

pyloric sphincter

food exits the stomach by passing through this

polyphagia

a medical term that means excessive eating

total parenteral nutrition

a procedure that provides a patient with intavenous nutrition

accessory organs of the digestive system

salivary gland, pancreas, liver

oropharynx

the section of the pharynx associated with the mouth

dysorexia

a medical term tht means abnormal appetite

peptic ulcer disease

the helicobacter pylori causes this condition

root

the portion of the tooth that is below the gums

ileum

Chron's disease affects this

O&P

the abbrevation that stands for lab tests

uvula

is responsible for the gag reflex

proctiitis

a medical term that means inflammation of the rectum and anus

appendicitis

a medical term that means inflammation of the appendix

stomach & colon

peptic ulcer disease occurs here

pc

abbrevation that stands for after meals

ileal

a medical term that means pertaining to the third section of the small intestines

GERD

an abbrevation that stands for a pathological condition

anorexiant

a medication used to treat obesity

enzymes and buffers

the pancreas secretes these

colonoscope

a medical term that means process of viewing colon

polyp

is a small tumor on a stem attachement

duodenum

this part of the small intestines receives food from the stomach

antiacid

medication used to treat stomach acid

fistula

a abnormal tubelike passage

antrum

a section of the stomach that tapers off into the pyloric sphincter

fistula

an abnormal tube-like passage

sigmoidoscopy

a endoscopic exam used to vieew inside a section of the colon

rectum

feces is stored here prior to defecation

fistulectomy

a surgical procedure that will remove a abnormal passageway

tongue

taste buds are located here

jaundice

a liver disease that gives the skin a yellow tint

choledocholithotripsy

a surgical procedure to treat stones in the digestive system

bile

is stored in the gallbladder

salivary glands

submandibular, sublingual, parotid

pyloric spincter

food exits the stomach through this

polyphagia

a medical term meaning excessive eating

total parenteral nutrition

a procedure that provides a patient with intravenous nutrition

dentures

a partial or complete set of artifical teeth

NPO

a abbrevation that means nothing by mouth

gastroplasty

a medical term that means surgical repair of the stomach

dysentery

a condition that is characterized by diarrhea, often with blood and mucus

hiatal hernia

a disphragmatocele is also called:

UGI

a abbreviation that stands for x-ray

deciduous

the proper name for baby teeth

cholecystectomy

a medical term that means removal of the gallbladder

gastric stapling

a surgical procedure that treats obesity

liver

Cirrhosis is a general name for chronic disease of the:

enamel

the crown of a tooth is covered by this

diarrhea

a medical term for frequent, water bowel movements

diverticulum

a outpouching of the gut

rugae

the folds in the lining of stomach

molars, bicuspids, pre-molars

teeth that are used for grinding

fats

emulsification breaks up into smaller pieces.

chyme

partially digested liquid mixture in the stomach

bile

this is produced in the live to aid in digestion

cholelithiasis

gall stones

ac

before meals

anorexia

loss of appetite

hiatal hernia

diaphragmatocele

amylase

enzyme to digest carbohydrates

denture

set of artifical teeth

lavage

washing out the stomach with a NG tube

aspartate transaminase

liver enzyme

diverticulum

outpouching off the colon

gingiva

gums

rugae

folds in the lining of the stomach

O & P

lab test for parasitic infection

caries

dental cavities

hemorrhoid

varicose veins

TMJ

the jaw joint

PO

by mouth

herpies labialis

cold sore

irritable bowel syndrome

spastic colon

hematochezia

bright blood in stool

pyrosis

heart burn

FOBT

lab test for blood in the stool

volvulus

bowel twist on its self

fundus

upper section of the stomach

incisor

cutting tooth

melena

dark, tarry stool

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