GLE21 -- Local Government in Louisiana

Created by TimeMachine Teacher

21. Describe the various forms of local government in Louisiana (C-1A-M5)

people

Local government is the level of government closest to the ___.

quality

Local government is responsible for many ___-of-life functions of government, such as garbage removal, police, and fire protection.

Police Jury

Started with the Spanish colonial government; 46 of 64 Louisiana parishes have one; combines the executive and legislative branches into one body.

home rule

Parishes may opt out of the police jury form of local government with a ___ charter.

president

Some parishes elect a parish ___ and council.

commission

Caddo Parish's home rule charter provides for an elected parish ___ that hires a parish administrator.

Orleans

___ and East Baton Rouge Parishes combine city and parish governments into one organization.

Lawrason

The Mayor and City Council form of local government in Louisiana was created by the ___ Act in 1898.

village

Population of 150 to 999

town

Population of 1,000 to 4,999.

City

Population of 5,000 and up.

Sheriff

Elected executive branch official, collects taxes; chief law enforcement officer of the parish

Assessor

Elected executive branch official; determines the value of property for tax purposes

District Attorney

Prosecutes criminal cases for the parish; has discretion in deciding which cases to bring to trial.

Clerk of Court

Keeps court records of legal events such as marriages, divorces, lawsuits, judgments, and mortgages.

School Board

Each parish has one; a few cities have their own; members are elected to four-year terms; independent of parish governments; regulated by the state but the legislature cannot pass special acts or otherwise micro-manage; select superintendents; receive state funds; may raise additional funds through taxes and bonds (borrowing money).

Special Districts

Created by parishes or municipalities for purposes such as fire or flood protection; recreation; ambulance service; water and sewerage.

Citizen

Votes on local officials or to recall local officials; bonds and taxes; referenda and voter initiatives.

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