GLE37 -- International Organizations

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37. Explain the role of nation-states in various alliances and international organizations (e.g., NATO, the United Nations, OPEC) and identify effects of their decisions upon Louisiana (C-1C-M1)

Washington

Who said "It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world"

Nation-State

Definition: A government over a people with a shared cultural identity and usually the same language

three

International organizations have at least ___ member states and are bound by a formal agreement.

global

Louisiana is part of the ___ economy.

ports

The ___ of New Orleans and Baton Rouge are important to America's international trade on the Mississippi River.

jobs

Louisiana ___ may be affected by trade agreements.

military

Louisiana's citizens may be called to ___ duty as a part of one of our alliances.

NATO

Military alliance of democracies, originally against the Communist threat of the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe. Now includes some former Warsaw Pact nations.

UN

Mission is to promote peace and economic development.

OPEC

A cartel of oil-producing nations. Coordinates oil production to increase profits. Placed an oil embargo on the United States in 1973 because member nations disagreed with the U.S. support of Israel when Israel was attacked by its Arab neighbors (Israel won).

IMF

Not associated with the World Bank, but compliments its mission. Monitors and stabilizes the world currency markets.

NAFTA

Eliminates most tariffs on trade between the US, Canada, and Mexico.

IBRD

"aims to reduce poverty in middle-income and creditworthy poorer countries by promoting sustainable development through loans, guarantees, risk management products, and analytical and advisory services."

IDA

Provides interest-free loans and grants to the poorest nations.

IFC

Makes loans to encourage businesses in developing countries.

MIGA

Encourages investment in developing countries by guarantees against non-commercial losses to investors.

ICSID

Tries to settle disputes between foreign investors and host countries.

OAS

Fosters economic, military, and cultural cooperation in the Western Hemisphere.

CAFTA-DR

Eliminates or reduces most remaining tariffs among the member states in Central America and one Caribbean nation.

EU

Functions as a limited federal government for issues of security, economics, and social policy in Europe.

sovereignty

National ___ diminishes as the influence of international organizations grows.

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