Commissioned by McKinley to solve the problem of how gov't in the Philippines should be handled. Led by Taft
McKinley and the U.S. were trying to assimilate the Philippines to help them become better. American dollars went to the Philippines to improve roads, sanitation, and public health. Although the U.S. might have looked intrusive, they were actually trying to improve the condition of the Philippines.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China. John Hay
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Spheres of Influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.`
The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.
Bad Neighbor Policy
term used to refer to American policy by foreign nations when the U.S. was using military power to take over Latin American countries
Big Stick Policy
Roosevelt's philosophy - In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Threaten to use force, act as international policemen
Great White Fleet
1907-1909 - Roosevelt sent the Navy on a world tour to show the world the U.S. naval power. Also to pressure Japan into the "Gentlemen's Agreement."
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Philipino War. Lasted for 6 years. Followed the Spanish American War. Phillipines wanted Independence.
A supposed threat to the US posed by Japan and China. Fear of asian immigration and Japan's rising military power.
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
White Man's Burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal