Greek Tragic Drama

24 terms by AJPreisig 

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Humanism

the though that man controls his/her life by the decisions he/she makes

Predeterminism

the idea that man's life is controlled by the gods and that he/she is unable to change his/her destiny

Catharsis

the purging of feelings of fear and pity

Pathos

the quality in art and literature that stimulates pity, tenderness, or sorrow in the reader of viewer; closely associated with the pity that tragedy is supposed to evoke

Bathos

the effect resulting from unsuccessful attempts to achieve pathos; if a literary work attempts to make readers or spectators weep and only succeeds in making them laugh

Anagnorisis

when the tragic hero recognizes his transgression/crime/error

Peripeteia

reversal of fortune or the tragic hero's fall from high to low

Noble Stature

the tragic hero must have a lofty position to fall from or else there is no tragedy

Hamartia

the tragic flaw

Hubris

excessive pride

Dramatic Irony

when the reader knows something the character doesn't

Situational Irony

when actions have the opposite effect as expected

Verbal Irony

when a person says one thing but means another

Aphorism

a short, concise, sometimes witty statement of universal truth

Stichomythia

line-by-line debates

Chorus

a group of 12-15 men who sing, dance, and narrate during the plays

Orchestra

semi-circular dancing area on the stage used by the chorus

Parados

the firs ode the chorus sings as it enters the orchestra

Strophe

song sung by the chorus as it turns from one side of the orchestra to the other

Ode

song sung by the chorus that separates one scene from the next

Stasimon

any choral ode sung after the parados

Skene

a building or tent at the back of the acting area, often painted for scenery

Exodos

the concluding scene of a play

Ekkykleme

a cart inside of the skene which could be suddenly rolled out to display the result of an event inside

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