HESP 305 Quiz 1

57 terms by Ksakin 

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Anatomy

The study of the structure of an organism

Dissection

Cutting of parts of the organism

Physiology

The study of the function of the living organism and its parts

Applied/clinical anatomy

Entails the application of anatomical study for the diagnosis and treatment of disease

Descriptive/Systematic anatomy

Description of individual parts of the body without reference to disease conditions

Gross anatomy

Studies structures visible without the aid of microscopy

Microscopic anatomy

Examiens structures not visible to the unaided eye

Surface anatomy

The study of the form and structure of the surface of the body, especially with reference to the organs beneath the surface

Developmental anatomy

Deals with the development of the organism from conception to adulthood

Pathological anatomy

Refers to changes in structure as they relate to disease

Comparative anatomy

Study of homologous structures of different animals

Respiratory physiology

The study of function in respiration

Cytology

The discipline that examines structure and function of cells

Histology

The miscroscopic study of cells and tissues

Osteology

The study of structure and function of bones

Myology

Examines muscles form and function

Arthrology

Studies the joints that unite the bones

Angiology

The study of blood vessels and the lymphatic system

Neurology

The study of the nervous system

Throax

Chest region

Abdomen

The region represented external;y as the anterior or abdominal wall

Dorsal trunk

Referred to as back

Cranial portion

The part of the skull that houses the brain and its components

Facial part

The part of the skull that houses the mouth, pharynx, nasal cavity, and structures related to theupper airway and mastication (chewing)

Upper extremity

Consists of the arm, forearm, wrist, and hand

Lower extremity

Made up of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot

Anatomical position

The body is erect and the palms, arms, and hands face forward

Axial Skeleton

The head and trunk

Axis

Spinal column

Appendicular skeleton

Includes the lower and upper limbs

Neruaxis

The axis of the brain

Frontal section

Dvidies body into front and back halves

Saggital section

ANy cut that divides the body into left and right portions, and cut is in the sagittal plane

Frontal/coronal section

Results in front and back portions of a body

Anterior

Front surface of a body

Ventral

Pertaining to belly or anterior surface

Posterior

Toward the rear

Dorsal

Pertaining to the back of the body or distal

Trunk

Consists of the abdominal and thoracic regions

Superficial

Refers to the surface of the body

Deep

Further from the surface

External

Outside

Internal

Within the body

Prone

Body in horizontal position with face down

Supine

Body in horizontal position with face up

Lateral

Toward the side

Proximal

Proximus, next

Flexion

Bending

Extension

Pulling 2 ends further apart

Hyperextension/dorisflexion

Extreme extension

Plantar

The sole of the foot

Inversion

To turn inward

Eversion

Turn outward

Palmar

Pam of the hand

Pronate

To place in the prone position

Supinate

To place in the supine position

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