Sound waves beam into the abdomen and produce an image of abdominal viscera.
Inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers; canker sores.
Absence of a normal opening.
Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum; also called gastric bypass
Congenital absence of the opening from the common bile duct into small intestine (duodenum).
Surgical repair of the eyelid
Abnormal widening of the bronchial tubes or their branches.
Sudden involuntary contraction of muscles in the walls of the bronchial tubes; occurs in asthma.
Pertaining to the cheek
Abnormal twisting of the cecum (first part of the colon).
An inherited autoimmune disorder in which the villi in the small intestine are damaged when an affected person eats foods containing gluten.
Abnormal condition of the lips.
Inflammation of a bile vessel (bile duct).
X-ray recording of bile vessels (ducts) using radiopaque contrast medium.
X-ray recording of bile vessels (ducts) and the pancreas after administration of contrast material directly into bile and pancreatic ducts.
Removal (excision, resection) of the gallbladder.
Formation of a new opening between the gallbladder and the jejunum (second part of the small intestine); an anastomosis.
Abnormal condition of stones in the gallbladder.
Pertaining to the common bile duct.
Abnormal condition gallstone formation; in the gallbladder (cholecystolithiasis) or in the common bile duct (choledocholithiasis).
Stoppage of bile flow.
Surgical removal (excision) of the colon (large intestine).
Visual (endoscopic) examination of the colon.
Series of x-ray pictures showing cross-sectional, axial, or transverse images of internal organs.
Pain in a tooth.
Pertaining to the duodenum.
Painful menstrual flow.
Painful digestion; indigestion.
Difficulty in swallowing.
Use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Congenital absence of the normal opening from the esophagus to the stomach.
Reducing the size of the stomach diverting food into the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy); surgery to promote weight loss for extreme obesity (bariatric surgery).
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Visual examination of the stomach and intestines (GI tract) using an endoscope; esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy.
New surgical connection (anastomosis) between the stomach and the jejunum (second part of the small intestine.)
Creation of a new opening of the stomach to the outside of the body through an opening in the abdominal wall.
Removal of gum tissue.
Removal of the tongue.
Formation of new glucose
A form of sugar stored in the liver.
Breakdown or destruction of blood, specifically red blood cells.
Spitting or coughing up blood as result of bleeding from any part of the respiratory tract.
Bursting forth or excessive flow of blood.
Stopping or controlling the flow of blood.
Enlargement of the liver.
Suture (stitching or sewing up) a hernia.
New opening of the ileum to the outside of the body.
Pertaining to the lips and teeth.
Visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen; minimally invasive surgery (MIS) of the abdomen.
Enzyme to digest fat.
Removal of liver tissue (percutaneous or through the skin) followed by microscopic examination
Liver function tests
Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood or serum (clear fluid that remains after blood has clotted). Examples are ALT (SGPT) and AST (SGOT), alkaline phosphatase, and serum bilirubin tests.
Lower gastrointestinal series
X-ray images of the colon and lower portion of the small intestine after injecting barium (radiopaque contrast material) into the rectum; barium enema.
Widening or dilation of lymph vessels.
Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic waves and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body.
Excessive flow of blood during menstruation.
Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach; removal of postoperative secretions or to obtain gastric and intestinal contents for analysis).
Central portion of the throat, just beyond the mouth.
Surgical repair of the palate (roof of the mouth).
Pertaining to the pancreas.
Removal of the pancreas and duodenum; Whipple procedure
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen or peritoneal cavity; abdominocentesis.
Membrane that surrounds the tooth in the tooth socket.
Visual (endoscopic) examination of the anus, rectum and sigmoid colon.
Forward protrusion of the eyeballs; exophthalmos.
Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter.
Surgical repair of pylorus
Sudden involuntary contraction of muscles at the pyloric sphincter.
Cancer of the rectum.
Surgical repair of the nose.
Removal (excision) of a salivary gland.
Downward bend of the colon on the left side of the body toward the descending colon.
Discharge of fat in the feces; malabsorption of fat results from intestinal disease.
Test for microorganisms, such as bacteria, in feces.
Test for detection of occult (hidden) blood in feces. (Hemoccult test)
Pertaining to under the tongue.
liver function tests
tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood
alkaline phosphatase- an enzyme that may be elevated in patients with liver, bone and other diseases
test for microorganisms present in feces
lower gastrointestinal series
barium enema- x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series
X-ray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth
x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography- (contrast medium is injected using a needle placed through the abdominal wall into the liver)
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography- (contrast medium is administered through an oral catheter and then passes through the esophagus, stomach and duodenum and into bile ducts)
small bowel follow- through
shows sequential x-ray pictures of the small intestine as barium passes through
computed tomography- (a series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section))
sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera
endoscopic ultrasonography- (use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract)
magnetic resonance imaging- (magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body)
gastric bypass or bariatric surgery
reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)
alanine transaminase (enzyme measured to evaluate liver function)
aspartate transaminase (enzymes measured to evaluate liver function)
bright red blood per rectum (hematochezia)
fecal occult blood test
gastrostomy tube (stomach tube/PEG tube, used to introduce nutrients into the stomach after insertion through the abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments)
gastroesophageal reflux disease
hepatitis B virus
inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)
liver function tests (alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT)
nothing by mouth
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
peptic ulcer disease
total parenteral nutrition
tube placed in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch (bile bag) on the outside of the body