For most part is made inside the cell and secreted to the cell surface. If the substance is organized and is grimly attached to the cell wall, the glycocalyx is described as a capsule.
They are important in contribution to bacterial virulence. (The degree to which a pathogen causes disease)
Often protect pathogenic bacteria from phagocytosis by the cells of the host. (Phadocytosis is the ingestion and digestion of micoorganisms.)
Long filamentous appendages that propel bacteria.
Anchors the flagellum to the cell wall and plasma membrane.
bundles of fibrils that arise at the ends of the cell beneath an outer sheath
Used for attachment to epithelial surfaces in the body. A causative agent in many diseases.
In conjugation of the two cells make physical contact and DNA from F+ cell is transferred to the other cell.
The exchange in DNA can add a new function to the recipient cell, such as antibiotic resistance.
is a complex semi rigid structure responsible for the shape of the cell.
Protects the fragile plasma membrane, also to prevent bacterial cells from rupturing when the water pressure inside the cell is greater than the outside of the cell.
Thing structure lying inside the cell wall and enclosing the cytoplasm of the cell.
Refers to the substance inside the plasma membrane.
80% water and contains primarily proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, inorganic ion and many low molecular-weight compounds
contains DNA. Contains cells genetic information required for the cells structures and functions.
Extrachromosomal genetic elements. Not connected to main bacterial chromosome, and they replicate independently of chromosomal DNA.
Function as sites of protein synthesis.