A property exhibited by a test that measures what it purports to measure
A property exhibited by a test that yields the same results over time
Measures whether a test looks like it tests what it is supposed to test
A property exhibited by a test in which each item is representative of the larger body of knowledge about the subject that the test covers
The process of examining each question on a test to see how it is related to the objectives being tested
A property exhibited by a test that accurately measures performance of the test taker against a specific learning goal
A property exhibited by a test on which people get about the same scores when they take the test more than once
A measure of reliability in which a test is split into two parts and an individual's scores on both halves are compared
Scores falling near the middle of a normal distribution
Tests that can be scored easily by machine, such as multiple-choice tests and selected-response tests
Tests in which individuals are given an ambiguous figure or an open-ended situation and asked to describe what they see or finish a story
A measure of how similarly two different test scorers would score a test
The average age at which normal (average) individuals achieve a particular score
The number of years since the individual's birth
A numerical score on an intelligence test, originally computed by dividing the person's mental age by chronological age and multiplying by 100
Often conceived as representing the lower 2% of the IQ range, commencing about 30 points below average. More sophisticated definitions also take into account an individual's level of social functioning and other abilities.
Often conceived as representing the upper 2% of the IQ range, commencing about 30 points above average.
Found in individuals who have a remarkable talent even though they are mentally slow in other domains
A general ability, proposed by Spearman as the main factor underlying all intelligent mental activity
The knowledge a person has acquired, plus the ability to access that knowledge
The ability to see complex relationships and solve problems
According to Sternberg, the ability to cope with the environment
According to Sternberg, the ability measured by most IQ tests; includes the ability to analyze problems and find correct answers
According to Sternberg, the form of intelligence that helps people see new relationships among concepts; involves insight and creativity.
The term for Sternberg's theory of intelligence; so called because it combines three main forms of intelligence
A term used to refer to Gardner's theory, which proposes that there are seven (or more) forms of intelligence
Observations or behaviors that result primarily from expectations
The amount of trait variation within a group, raised under the same conditions, that can be attributed to genetic differences.
A philosophy and political movement that encouraged biologically superior people to interbreed and sought to discourage biologically inferior people from having offspring.