an Arab leader or chief
The holy book of Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
pilgrimage to Mecca
the divine law in Islam
A Muslim ruler
Islamic holy war
A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
the Muslim group that didn't resist the rule of the Umayyads.
a high official in a Muslim government (especially in the Ottoman Empire)
Muslim house of worship
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage
instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars