Controlling stress & tension

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42 terms · Part 1

Stress

Any situation or constraint that puts excessive demands on an individual making him or her feel as though they can't cope

Stressor stimuli

Pressures related to school, work, relationships or other environmental factors
(stress is...)

Stress as a response

The physical and emotional changes associated with stress
(when I am stressed I feel...)

Morita Therapy

represents the action element of Japanese psychology. It teaches people how to except and co-exist with unpleasant feelings.

personality

our unique collection of thoughts, attitudes, values, beliefs, perceptions, and behaviors that define who we are as people

emotions

A feeling or state of mind and the thoughts and physical reactions associated with them

Holistic health

Related to the whole rather than its individual parts, six dimensions (physical, intellectual, social, environmental, emotional, spiritual)

Perception

The subjective way in which information is regarded and interpreted

Milieu interior

The body's internal enviornment

Homeostasis

A state of relative stability in the body's internal environment, sustained by natural adaptive responses

General Adaptive Syndrome

The three-phase stress response: alarm, resistance, & exhaustion

Alarm stage

The body mobilizes energy to meet the demand of stressors

Resistance stage

The body attempts to maintain homestasis in the face of chronic stressors

Exhaustion stage

A body part or system breaks down as a result of the energy demands of chronic stressors

Distress

Negative demands capable of triggering G.A.S.

Eustress

Positive demands capable of triggering G.A.S.

Strain

The wear and tear of body parts and systems as they fight to maintain homeostasis, minor muscular damage due to excessive physical effort

Adaption energy

The body's finite energy reserves available for coping with stress

Fight-or-flight

The state of physiological readiness for action created by the body during the alarm phase

Wear links

Susceptible body parts or systems that break down under the wear and tear of chronic stressors

Life events

Life changing experiences that use energy and can cause stress

Readjustment

The body's physiological adaptions to life events

Threat

The perception of harm

Threat appraisal process

The evaluation of potential stressors in terms of their threat potential and ability to cope with them

Secondary appraisal

The part of the initial appraisal that answers the question "can I cope with this"

Health

The overall condition of the body and mind. To the presence or absence of energy.

Risk factors

Behaviours that contribute to disease or energy

Health habits

Behaviour that will produce good health or poor health

Hans Selye

psychologist who researched a recurring response to stress that he called the general adaptation syndrome

Stress as a Transaction

the exchange between a potential stressor, how it is perceived and the stress response it causes

Type A personality

a stress prone personality characterized by aggressive competitive and hostile behavior

Type C personality

pleasant but repressed person, who tends to internalize his or her anger and anxiety and who finds expressing emotions difficult. hopeless/helpless

self talk

a persons internal dialogue

belief system

a collection of values, attitudes, and beliefs about the world and interactions between people

Type B personality

Personality characterized by relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, noncompetitive, & doesn't get hostile/ angry easily

Hardy personality

a stress-resistant personality characterized by commitment, control, and ability to accept change

anger

a strong feeling of displeasure targeted at anything

hostility

anger that is directed at someone

primary stressor

the original stressor that triggers the stress response

secondary stressor

our illogical thoughts about the primary stressor that keep the response alive long after the initial event has passed

Potential stressor

Stimuli that may cause a stress response

Primary appraisal

The part of the initial appraisal that answers the question "is it a threat to me"?

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