first violinist that plays solo violin passages and coordinates the bowing of string instruments.
3 Types of Brass Instruments
Trumpet, Trombone, Tuba
3 Types of Percussion Instruments
Bass drum, Cymbals, Snare drum
3 Types of Woodwind Instruments
Flute, Clarinet, Piccolo
3 Types of String Instruments
Guitar, Violin, Double basses
Four voice categories found in a choir
Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass
The highness or lowness of a sound
Distance between the highest and lowest tones that a given voice or instrument can produce.
Sound that has a definite pitch, or frequency.
Distance in pitch between any two tones.
Interval between two tones in which the higher tone has twice the frequency of the lower tone.
Degrees of loudness or softness in music.
Emphasis of a note, which may result from it being louder, longer or higher in pitch.
Tone color (Timbre)
Quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another.
Ordered flow of music through time.
Regular, recurrant pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
First, or stressed beat of a measure.
Organization of beats into regular groups.
Accenting of a note at an unexpected time, as between two beats or in a weak beat.
Basic pace of the music.
System of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhythms can be communicated.
A set of five horizontal lines between or on which notes ar positioned.
Sharp SIgn #
Symbol which notates a pitch one half step higher than the pitch.
Flat Sign b
Symbol which notates a pitch one half step lower than the pitch.
Symbol placed at the beginning of the staff to show that exact pitch of notes placed on each line and space.
A symbol to indicate a duration of silence in the music.
Two numbers one above the other, appearing at the beginning of a staff or the start of a piece.
Series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole.
Interval between two adjacent tones in the scale.
Interval larger than that between two adjacent tones in the scale.
Part of a melody
Smooth, connected manner of performing a melody.
Short, detached manner of performing a melody.
The immediate repition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch.
Resting place at the end of a phrase in a melody. "conclusion"
How chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
Combination of three or more tones sounded at once.
tone combination that is stable and restful.
Tone combination that is unstable and tense.
mose basic of chords, consisting of three alternate tones of the scale, such as do, mi, sol.
"Broken chord" sounding of the individual tones of a chord in sequence rather than simultaneously.
Central note, scale, and chord within a piece, in relationship to which all other tones in the composition are heard.
Series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher.
Series of seven tones within an octave with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher.
Smallest interval traditionally used in western music.
Interval twice as large as the half step.
Sharp or flat signs immediately following the clef sign at the beginning of a piece of music indicating the key in which the music is to be played.
Scale including all twelve tones of the octave.
Shift from one key to another within the same piece.
Single melodic line without accomplishment.
Performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time.
Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice at the same pitch or in different octaves.
Presentation of a melodic idea by one voice or instrument that is immediatly followed by its restatement by another voice or instrument.
Organization of musical ideas in time.
Three part form (Ternary) (ABA)
Form that can be represented as statement (A) contrast (B) return of statement (A).
Two part form (AB)
Form that can be represented as statement (A) and counterstatement (B).
refers to how many different layers of sound are heard at once to what kind of layers there are.
Italian tempo markings
mezzo piano-mod soft
mezzo forte-mod loud