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pulmonary artery

a blood vessel that carries oxygen poor blood from heart to lungs

systole

contraction phase of heartbeat

mitral valve

located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart

pericardium

saclike membrane surrounding the heart

SA node sinoatrial node

sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat

coronary arteries

blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

phlebitis

inflamation of a vein

sphygmomanometer

instrument to measure blood pressure

aneurysm

a local widening of an artery

cyanosis

bluish coloration of the skin

ischemia

can lead to myocardial infarction blood is held back from area can be caused by thrombotic occlusion of a blood vessel may be a result of coronary artery disease

angina

chest pain relieved with nitroglyrin

arrhythmia

abnormal heart rhythm

peteciae

small pinpoint hemorage

deep vein thromosis(DVT)

bloos clot (thrombus) form in a large vein usually in lower limb

secondary hypertension

high blood pressure due to kidney disease

essential hypertension

high blood pressure with idiopathic etiology

Tetralogy of Fallot

four seperate congenital heart defects

patent

means open

idiopathic

the cause of essential hypertension

digoxin

drug used to strengthen the heartbeat

ck, ld, and ast (scot)

serum enzymes

ECHO

high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest

ECHO

echocardiography

phlebotomy

incision of a vein

endarterectomy

removal of plaque from inner lining of an artery

Holter Monitor

and EKG taken durning activities

murmur

abnormal heart sound

pulmon/o

combining form for lung

cyan/o

blue

atri/o

atrium

vascul/o

vessel

aorta

largest artery in the body

arteriole

small artery

atrioventricular bundle (bundle of hiss)

specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmitting electrical impules between them. his is pronuced "hiss"

atrium

upper chamber of the heart

capillary

smallest blood vessel

carbon dioxide

gas released by lungs

oxygen

gas that enters the blood through the lungs

diastole

relaxation phase of the heartbeat

endocardium

inner lining of the heart

systole

contraction phase of the heartbeat

atheroma

are collections of plaque that protude into the lumen (opening) of an artery weaking the middle lining

angina

pain

LVAD

left ventricle assist device used as a bridge to transplant

Tc

technetium radioactive element used in cardiac scans

capillary

smallest blood vessel

ventricle

one of two lower chambers of the heart

carbon dioxide

gas released through lungs

vein

vessels carries blood to lungs and heart

myocardium

heart muscle

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

pulmonary

p.t. lung

tricuspid valve

located between right atrium and right ventricle

arterioles

small artery

aorta

largest artery in the body

coronary

p.t. heart

diastole

relaxation phase of the heartbeat

angina

pain

fibrillation

abnormal rapid heart rhythm

hemorrhoids

swollen blood vessel in the rectal region

phlebotomy

incision of a vein

vasodilation

widening of a vessel

cyanosis

bluish coloration of the skin

embolus

traveling clot that suddenly blocks a blood vessel

systole

contraction phase of heartbeat

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