← Microbial Diseases Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Pertussis (whooping cough)
- Legionnaire's Disease
- a a viral infection causing fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck.
- b Common in the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys and in caves. Grow as mold and become aerosolized when soil is disturbed. Usually presents as pneumonia.
- c A diarrheal illness caused by that parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia and characterized by intestinal cramping and diarrhea
- d an acute respiratory infection caused by Legionella bacteria. Symptoms may include, chest pain, coughing up blood, fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, general discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise), headache, joint pain
- e a highly contagious bacterial disease caused by Bordetella pertussis. Symptoms are initially mild, and then develop into severe coughing fits, which produce the namesake high-pitched "whoop" sound in infected babies and children when they inhale air after coughing. The coughing stage lasts for approximately six weeks before subsiding.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is the most common bacterial infection of the throat. Symptoms may be mild or severe. You usually start to feel sick about 2 to 5 days after you come in contact with the infection.
- an infection with the tapeworm parasite found in beef or pork. Symptoms: Tapeworm infection usually does not cause any symptoms. However, some people may have abdominal discomfort.
- a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis.
- a diarrheal disease caused by the protist Cyrptosporidium parvum, which is spread by contact with fecally contaminated water
- parasitic blood-sucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts
5 True/False Questions
Lyme Disease → fungal, caused by fungus, spread by roots and bark beetles on elm trees, managed by herbicides and fungicides
West Nile Fever → a virus of the family Flaviviridae. Part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses, it is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It mainly infects birds, but is known to infect humans, horses, dogs, cats, bats, chipmunks, skunks, squirrels, domestic rabbits, crows, robins, crocodiles and alligators. The main route of human infection is through the bite of an infected mosquito.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) → associated with exposure to estuaries inhabited by toxin-forming dinoflagellates, including members of the fish-killing toxic Pfiesteria complex (TPC), Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae. Humans may be exposed through direct contact with water or by inhalation of aerosolized or volatilized toxin(s). The five cases reported here demonstrate the full spectrum of symptoms experienced during acute and chronic stages of this suspected neurotoxin-mediated illness. The nonspecific symptoms most commonly reported are cough, secretory diarrhea, headache, fatigue, memory impairment, rash, difficulty in concentrating, light sensitivity, burning skin upon water contact, muscle ache, and abdominal pain.
Botulism → fungal, poisoning by ingestion of ergot-infected grain products, characterized by thirst and diarrhea and nausea and craming and vomiting and abnormal cardiac rhythms; in severe cases it can cause seizures and gangrene of the limbs
Cholera → an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea. Symptoms: Abdominal cramps; Dry mucus membranes or mouth; Dry skin; Excessive thirst; Glassy or sunken eyes; Lack of tears; Lethargy