5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- West Nile Fever
- AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
- Legionnaire's Disease
- a an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae (the influenza viruses), that affects birds and mammals. The most common symptoms of the disease are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort.
- b a virus of the family Flaviviridae. Part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses, it is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It mainly infects birds, but is known to infect humans, horses, dogs, cats, bats, chipmunks, skunks, squirrels, domestic rabbits, crows, robins, crocodiles and alligators. The main route of human infection is through the bite of an infected mosquito.
- c fungal infection of the mouth caused by Candida albicans resulting in painful creamy white raised patches of the tongue and oral mucosa
- d Immune system disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which over a period of years weakens the capacity of the immune system to fight off infection so that weight loss and weakness set in and other afflictions such as cancer or pneumonia may hasten an infected person's demise.
- e an acute respiratory infection caused by Legionella bacteria. Symptoms may include, chest pain, coughing up blood, fever, gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, general discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise), headache, joint pain
5 Multiple choice questions
- an infectious disease due to a type of bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. Infection in humans most often involves the skin, gastrointestinal tract, or lungs.
- a viral infection causing fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck.
- Common in the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys and in caves. Grow as mold and become aerosolized when soil is disturbed. Usually presents as pneumonia.
- a highly contagious bacterial disease caused by Bordetella pertussis. Symptoms are initially mild, and then develop into severe coughing fits, which produce the namesake high-pitched "whoop" sound in infected babies and children when they inhale air after coughing. The coughing stage lasts for approximately six weeks before subsiding.
- an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning "spotted", or varus, meaning "pimple".
5 True/False questions
Cryptosporidiosis → a diarrheal disease caused by the protist Cyrptosporidium parvum, which is spread by contact with fecally contaminated water
Botulism → a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis.
Tuberculosis → infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
Peptic Ulcer Disease → it causes the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. It is defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm. As many as 70-90% of such ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a spiral-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach; however, only 40% of those cases go to a doctor. Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs.
Ringworm → a nematode worm parasite that lives in the intestine of humans and animals; females lay their eggs around the anus, which causes itching