← Microbial Diseases Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
- a a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in endotherms
- b a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis.
- c a bacterial STD that causes ulcers or chancres; if untreated, it can lead to mental and physical disabilities and premature death. It is a common venereal disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete
- d caused by dinoflagellates producing saxitoxins that cause toxicity by binding to a molecule that is required for nerve and muscle activity
- e a viral infection causing fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae (the influenza viruses), that affects birds and mammals. The most common symptoms of the disease are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort.
- a very contagious (easily spread) illness caused by a virus. The infection is spread by contact with droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of an infected person. Sneezing and coughing can put contaminated droplets into the air. Symptoms may include bloodshot eyes, cough, fever, light sensitivity, muscle pain, rash.
- it causes the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. It is defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm. As many as 70-90% of such ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a spiral-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach; however, only 40% of those cases go to a doctor. Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs.
- an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning "spotted", or varus, meaning "pimple".
- a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The term can also refer to infection caused by any species belonging to its bacterial family. It is found only in humans. It is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease.
5 True/False Questions
MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) → a type (strain) of staph bacteria that does not respond to some antibiotics that are commonly used to treat staph infections.
Athlete's foot → ..., contagious fungal infection in the superficial skin layer and leads to skin eruptions which usually form small blisters between toes and sometimes fingers, followed by cracking, peeling and scaling
Scrapie → a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in endotherms
Dutch Elm Disease → fungal, caused by fungus, spread by roots and bark beetles on elm trees, managed by herbicides and fungicides
Strep throat → caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is the most common bacterial infection of the throat. Symptoms may be mild or severe. You usually start to feel sick about 2 to 5 days after you come in contact with the infection.