← Microbial Diseases Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Dental Caries
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
- a also known as tooth decay or a cavity, it is an infection usually bacterial in origin that causes demineralization of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin and cementum) and destruction of the organic matter of the tooth, usually by production of acid by hydrolysis of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface.
- b fungal infection of the mouth caused by Candida albicans resulting in painful creamy white raised patches of the tongue and oral mucosa
- c a disease brought on by a type of bacteria carried by ticks. Symptoms usually develop about 2 to 14 days after the tick bite. They may include: Chills; Confusion; Fever; Headache; Muscle pain
- d an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito
- e a diarrheal disease caused by the protist Cyrptosporidium parvum, which is spread by contact with fecally contaminated water
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a highly contagious bacterial disease caused by Bordetella pertussis. Symptoms are initially mild, and then develop into severe coughing fits, which produce the namesake high-pitched "whoop" sound in infected babies and children when they inhale air after coughing. The coughing stage lasts for approximately six weeks before subsiding.
- a type (strain) of staph bacteria that does not respond to some antibiotics that are commonly used to treat staph infections.
- also known as the German measles, it is an infection in which there is a rash on the skin.
- an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
- parasitic blood-sucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts
5 True/False Questions
Giardiasis → A diarrheal illness caused by that parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia and characterized by intestinal cramping and diarrhea
Scrapie → a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning → it causes the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. It is defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm. As many as 70-90% of such ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a spiral-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach; however, only 40% of those cases go to a doctor. Ulcers can also be caused or worsened by drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) → Immune system disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which over a period of years weakens the capacity of the immune system to fight off infection so that weight loss and weakness set in and other afflictions such as cancer or pneumonia may hasten an infected person's demise.
Yellow Fever → an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints