the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
Motives for Imperialsim
ways Imperiasm grew
a 19th-century theory, inspired by Darwinism, by which the social order is accounted as the product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions and in accord with which a position of laissez-faire is advocated.
a member of the Muslim dynasty of Mongol origin founded by the successors of Tamerlane, which ruled much of India from the 16th to the 19th century :
British East India Company
A very large trading company. Traded many goods
This man was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown.
british rule after india came under the british crown during the reign of queen victoria
"Jewel in the Crown"
England. They had a monarchy
(1857) Hindus and Muslim sepoys refused to open cartridges that came in paper waxed with animal fat for religious reasons; killed British officers, and proclaimed restoration of the Mughal authority; had different interests, and were crushed by the British
Divisions grew between them. Muslims demanded separate Muslim nation. (Ghandi wanted all to unite)
"scramble for africa"
This was an event where Europe tried to claim Africa as quickly as it could
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
Meeting of European imperialist powers to divide Africa among them
"Whites man burden"
The belief that white is superior and duty to help to change culture and make them more like themselves.
British writer who wrote of "the white man's burden" and justified imperialism
founded colony in present-day Zimbabwe
most important missionary and explorer of Africa in Victorian period, Scottish, went back and forth from Africa over 30 years, abolitionist, 1871 disappeared but was living among Africans, found by Sir Henry Morton Stanley
British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. He helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State.
Forces Enabling Imperialism
Impacts of Imperialism on Africa