what did the printing press use?
what two things helped spread humanist ideas and art into northern Europe?
war and the printing press
who developed the personal essay?
Michel de Montaigne
what is a piece of writing that expresses a writer's point of view?
humanists believed that the church could be reformed by which two things?
humanist learning and bible study
what was the argument of "The Praise of Folly"?
the papacy was too corrupt
who wrote "the Praise of Folly" ?
oil painting allowed for what changes in painting technique and style as opposed to fresco?
corrections and more vivid colors (oil takes FOREVER to dry)
who was partly responsible for the spread of humanism in England after the Wars of the Roses?
King Henry the 7th
who were two famous playwrights in the northern renaissance?
shakespeare and christopher marlowe
who began the catholic reformation in 1545?
Pope Paul the 3rd
what was the name of a court run by the Catholic church that guarded Catholics from Protestant ideas?
what language was decided upon by the council of trent for mass and other Church rituals?
Baroque art involves more ______, _________, and ____________, than renaissance art.
emotion, complexity, exaggeration
Jesuits spread catholicism through ___________ in lieu of force.
some areas of Europe remained Protestant to prevent _________ from shifting to the church instead of their countries. (as well as religious beliefs. amazingly those played a factor too hehe.)
townspeople supported protestantism because it helped their _____________.
what was the greatest source of income in ROME?
what was the greatest source of income in VENICE?
banking and textiles (especially wool)
what was the greatest source of income in FLORENCE?
mainly trade (it was an important port city)
Who ruled VENICE?
a republic (with a doge as leader)
who ruled FLORENCE?
a dynasty (eminent family)
who ruled ROME?
the Papacy (church)
who were Fillipo, Bruneleschi, Donatello, Ghiberti, Michelangelo, Giotto, Masaccio, and Da Vinci?
seven architects, sculptors, and painters (in the Renaissance)
Name the three Italian social groups.
the wealthy merchants and bankers (upper), the shopkeepers and artisans (middle), the peasants (lower)
who promoted individualism, developing many talents in politics, sports, and the arts, and using classical beliefs to improve modern society?
what four things did indulgences promise the buyer?
reduce or cancel punishment of sins, assure admission to heaven, relieve guilt of futures sins, and release relatives from purgatory
what changed the church's ways of teaching and practicing Christianity that was born of a split in the church?
the protestant reformation
what event spurred Martin Luther to become a monk?
almost being struck by lightning
Lutheranism is considered the first form of _______?