EMT FINAL EXAM

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THE CERVICAL SPINE IS COMPOSED OF ___ VERTEBRAE

SEVEN (7)

WHICH COMPONENTS ARE NEEDED TO PROVE NEGLIGENCE?

-DUTY TO ACT
-BREACH OF DUTY
-INJURY/DAMAGES
-CAUSATION

THE EXCHANGE OF O2 AND NUTRIENTS FOR WASTE PRODUCTS OF METABOLISM OCCURS AT THE CELLULAR LEVEL IN THE....

CAPILLARIES

AREAS OF THE SPINE IN DESCENDING ORDER

-CERVICAL
-THORACIC
-LUMBAR
-SACRAL
-COCCYX

THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE RIGHT ATRIUM IS TO...

RECEIVE BLOOD FROM THE VENA CAVA

THE MANNER IN WHICH THE EMT MUST ACT OR BEHAVE WHEN CARING FOR A PATIENT

STANDARD OF CARE

THE VOCAL CORDS ARE LOCATED IN THE

LARYNX

FUNCTION OF PLATELETS

FORMATION OF BLOOD CLOTS

THE AXIAL SKELETON IS COMPOSED OF THE...

-SKULL
-FACE
-THORAX
-VERTEBRAL COLUMN

SKELETAL MUSCLE IS ALSO CALLED

VOLUNTARY MUSCLE

QUID PRO QUO

TYPE OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT, WHEN HARASSER REQUEST SEXUAL FAVORS IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHING ELSE

NARCAN IS ADMINISTERED BY THE EMT-B VIA:

AUTOMIZER

CORRECT DOSE OF EPINEPHRINE IN AN ADULR AUTO-INJECTOR

.3 MG

ADSORPTION

THE PROCESS OF BINDING OR STICKING TO A SURGACE (ACTIVATED CHARCOAL)

CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR ADMINISTERING ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

-INABILITY TO SWALLOW
-UNCONSCIOUS
-INGESTION OF ALKALI OR CAUSTIC MATERIAL

CONTRAINDICATION OF ADMINISTERING NITROGLYCERIN

SYSTOLIC BP IS LESS THAN 100MM HG

DOSE OF ASPIRIN FOR CHEST PAIN

162-324 MG

DOSE OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

1 GRAM FOR 1 KG OF BODYWEIGHT

GIVEN FOR CARDIAC-RELATED CHEST PAIN, __________ RELAXES THE WALLS OF THE CORONARY ARTERIES

NITROGLYCERIN

PEDIATRIC DOSE OF EPINEPHRINE

.15 MG

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MEDICATION ROUTES HAS THE SLOWEST RATE OF ABSORPTION?

ORAL

WHAT CAN CAUSE THE PUPILS TO REMAIN SIGNIFICANTLY CONSTRICTED?

OVERDOSE OF AN OPIATE DRUG

NORMAL RESPIRATORY RATE FOR AN ADULT

12 TO 20 BREATHS PER MINUTE

GOAL OF THE PRIMARY ASSESSMENT

IDENTIFY AND RAPIDLY TREAT ALL LIFE-THREATENING CONDITIONS

CAPILLARY REFILL TIME IN AN INFANT

2 SECONDS

SYSTOLIC PRESSURE

THE PRESSURE EXERTED AGAINST THE WALLS OF THE ARTERY WHEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE CONTRACTS

IN RESPONSIVE PATIENTS THAT ARE OLDER THAN 1, PALPATE THE PULSE AT THE _____ARTERY

RADIAL

NORMAL SKIN COLOR, TEMP AND CONDITION

PINK, WARM AND DRY

IN AN ADULT, BRADYCARDIA IS DEFINED AS

A PULSE RATE LESS THAN 60 BEATS/MIN

IN AN ADULT, TACHYCARDIA IS DEFINED AS

A HEART RATE GREATER THAN 100 BEATS/MIN

A PATIENT WHO IS SWEATING PROFUSELY IS REFERRED TO AS BEING:

DIAPHORETIC

THE MOST SIGNIFICANT COMPLICATION ASSOCIATED WITH OROPHARYNGEAL SUCTIONING IS

HYPOXIA DUE TO PROLONGED SUCTION ATTEMPTS

THE ACTUAL EXCHANGE OF 02 AND C02 OCCURS IN THE

ALVEOLAR SACS

AN OXYGEN TANK SHOULD BE TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE AND REFILLED WHEN THE PRESSURE INSIDE IS LESS THAN

LESS THAN 500 PSI

CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATIONS

IRREGULAR RESPIRATIONS CHARACTERIZED BY AN INCREASING RATE AND DEPTH OF BREATHING FOLLOWED BY PERIODS OF APNEA

LEAF-SHAPED STRUCTURE LOCATED SUPERIOR TO THE LARYNX

EPIGLOTTIS

SHOCK IS THE RESULT OF

HYPOPERFUSION TO THE CELLS OF THE BODY

IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN, CAP REFILL GREATER THAN 2 SECS IS A SIGN OF

POOR PERIPHERAL PERFUSION

HYPOTENSION IN A CHILD WITH BLUNT OR PENETRATING TRAUME OFTEN INDICATES:

THE LOSS OF HALF OF HIS/HER BLOOD VOLUME (THIS IS A LATE STAGE OF SHOCK)

PULMONARY EDEMA AND IMPAIRED VENTILATION OCCUR DURING WHICH TYPE OF SHOCK?

CARDIOGENIC SHOCK

CIRCULAR MUSCULAR WALLS THAT REGULATE BLOOD FLOW THROUGH THE CAPILLARIES

CAPILLARY SPHINCTERS

DISTRIBUTIVE SHOCK OCCURS WHEN:

WIDESPREAD DILATION OF THE BLOOD VESSELS CAUSES BLOOD TO POOL IN THE VASCULAR BEDS

NEUROGENIC SHOCK OCCURS WHEN"

FAILURE OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM CAUSES WIDESPREAD VASODILATION

_____MY BE THE LAST MEASURABLE FACTOR TO CHANGE IN SHOCK

BLOOD PRESSURE

INJURY TO A HOLLOW ORGAN WOULD MOST LIKELY RESULT IN

LEAKAGE OF CONTENTS INTO THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY

ATHEROSCLEROSIS

NARROWING OF THE CORONARY ARTERIES DUE TO A BUILDUP OF FATTY DEPOSITS

CLASSIC SIGNS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA

COOL, CLAMMY SKIN
WEAKNESS
TACHYCARDIA
RAPID RESPIRATIONS

STRIDOR

HARSH, HIGH-PITCHED INSPIRATORY SOUNDS IN THE UPPER AIRWAY

AN AED DELIVERS PROMPT DEFIBRILLATION TO PATIENTS WITH

VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION

NITROGLYCERIN RELIEVES CARDIAC-RELATED CHEST PAIN BY

DILATING CORONARY ARTERIES AND IMPROVING CARDIAC BLOOD FLOW

NORMAL BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL

BETWEEN 80 AND 120 MG/DL.

TWO MOST COMMON SIGNS OF ANAPHYLAXIS

WHEEZING
URTICARIA (HIVES)

AT THE ONSET OF AN ACUTE ASTHMA ATTACK, PATIENTS COMMONLY EXPERIENCE DIFFICULTY BREATHING AND

EXPIRATORY WHEEZING

ANAPHYLAXIS IS CHARACTERIZED BY AIRWAY______ AND ____TENSION

SWELLING
HYPO

ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

DECREASED BLOOD FLOW TO ONE OR MORE PORTIONS OF THE MYOCARDIUM

INSULIN SHOCK OCCURS IF

PATIENT TAKES TOO MUCH OF HIS PRESCRIBED INSULIN

_______OVERDOSE IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERVENTILATION

NARCOTIC OD

COMMON SIGN OF AMI

IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT
SUDDEN UNEXPLAINED SWEATING
SHORTNESS OF BREATH / DYSPNEA

USUAL DOSE OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL MAXIMUM ADULTS AND PEDIATRIC

PEDIATRIC- UP TO 25 GRAMS
ADULT- UP TO 50 GRAMS

AFTER ASSISTING WITH NITRO...

REASSESS BP WITHIN 5 MINS TO DETECT HYPOTENSION

DEOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE BODY RETURNS TO THE

RIGHT ATRIUM

KUSSMAUL RESPIRATIONS ARE AN INDICATION THAT THE BODY IS...

ATTEMPTING TO ELIMINATE ACIDS FROM THE BODY

A PT WITH GALLSTONES WOULD COMPLAIN OF PAIN IN:

UPPER RIGHT QUADRANT WITH REFERRED PAIN TO THE RIGHT SHOULDER

THE SPINAL CORD EXITS THE CRANIUM THROUGH THE

FORAMEN MAGNUM

WHAT PHYSIOLOGIC ACTIONS DOES EPINEPHRINE PRODUCE WHEN GIVEN FOR AN ALLERGIC REACTION?

VASOCONSTRICTION
BRONCHODILATION

OCCURS WHEN ORGANS PROTRUDE THROUGH AN OPEN WOUND

ABDOMINAL EVISCERATION

EXTERNAL BLEEDING FROM A VEIN IS RELATIVELY EASY TO CONTROL BECAUSE

VEINS ARE UNDER A LOWER PRESSURE

BRUISING TO THE RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT OF THE ABDOMEN FOLLOWING BLUNT TRAUMA IS MOST SUGGESTIVE OF INJURY TO

THE LIVER

BLEEDING FROM SOFT-TISSUE INJURIES TO THE FACE IS MOST EFFECTIVELY CONTROLLED WITH

DIRECT PRESSURE USING DRY, STERILE DRESSINGS

HEATSTROKE OCCURS WHEN

THE BODY'S HEAT-ELIMINATING MECHANISMS ARE OVERWHELMED AND CAN NO LONGER SWEAT

PERFUSTION

CIRCULATION OF BLOOD WITHIN AN ORGAN IN ADEQUATE AMOUNTS TO MEET THE BODY'S METABOLIC NEEDS

TREATMENT FOR JELLYFISH STING

IRRIGATING WOUND WITH VINEGAR AND IMMERSING HIS LEG IN HOT WATER

AVULSION

AN INJURY THAT SEPARATES VARIOUS LAYERS OF SOFT TISSUE, RESULTING IN COMPLETE DETACHMENT OR A FLAP OF SKIN

DISLOCATION

DISRUPTION OF A JOING IN WHICH THE BONE ENDS ARE NO LONGER IN CONTACT

ARTERIOLES

SMALLER VESSELS THAT CARRY BLOOD AWAY FROM THE HEART AND CONNECT THE ARTERIES TO THE CAPILLARIES

BLACK WIDOW SPIDER

LARGE SPIDER WITH RED-ORANGE "HOURGLASS" MARK ON ITS ABDOMEN

THE EYEBALL ITSELF IS REFERRED TO AS

GLOBE

PATIENTS WITH RIB FRACTURES WILL COMMONLY (BREATHE)

RAPIDLY AND SHALLOWLY

HYPOTHERMIA OCCURS WHEN THE CORE BODY TEMP FALLS BELOW

95 F, 35 C

OPEN PNEUMOTHORAX OCCURS WHEN

AIR ENTERS THE PLEURAL SPACE FROM OUTSIDE THE BODY

PERITONITIS USUALLY OCCURS WHEN

HOLLOW ABDOMINAL ORGANS SPILL THEIR CONTENTS

TWO WAYS OUR BODY ELIMINATES HEAT

SWEATING
DILATION OF SKIN BLOOD VESSELS

THE ____OF A BULLET HAS THE GREATEST IMPACT ON PRODUCING INJURY

SPEED

THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

BONES AND VOLUNTARY MUSCLES

POSITIVE INDICATORS OF A FRACTURE

CREPITUS AND FALSE MOTION

COMPARED TO AN ADULT, THE DIAPHRAM DICTATES THE AMOUNT OF AIR A CHILD INSPIRES BECAUSE

INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES ARE NOT WELL DEVELOPED

PID DOES NOT TYPICALLY AFFECT THE

URINARY BLADDER

A TUBE FROM THE BRAIN TO THE ABDOMEN THAT DRAINS EXCESSIVE CS FLUID

SHUNT

SYNCOPE IN OLDER PATIENTS IS CAUSED BY

INTERRUPTION OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN

DETERMINING FREQUENCY OF LABOR CONTRACTIONS- TIME THE CONTRACTIONS FROM THE:

START OF ONE TO THE START OF THE NEXT

AMNIOTIC FLUID SERVES TO

INSULATE AND PROTECT THE FETUS

DURING TRUE LABOE, UTERINE CONTRACTIONS....

BECOME MORE REGULAR

ECLAMPSIA

SEIZURES THAT RESULT FROM SEVERE HYPERTENSION

PLACENTA

ALLOWS 02, CO2, AND OTHER PRODUCTS TO TRANSFER BETWEEN MOTHER AND FETUS BUT DOES NOT ALLOW THEIR BLOOD TO MIX

SUPINE HYPOTENSIVE SYNDROME

THE PREGNANT UTERUS COMPRESSES THE INFERIOR VENA CAVA

CARDIAC ARREST IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IS MOST COMMONLY THE RESULT OF

RESPIRATORY OR CIRCULATORY FAILURE

OSTEOPOROSIS

DECREASE IN BONE MASS AND DENSITY

AS A WOMAN APPROACHES MENOPAUSE

HER MENSTRUAL PERIODS BECOME IRREGULAR AND VARY IN SEVERITY

DISINFECTION IS MOST ACCURATELY DEFINED AS

KILLING PATHOGENIC AGENTS WITH A CHEMICAL MADE FOR THAT PURPOSE

WHAT RESPONSIBILITY/DUTY DOES NOT FALL WITHIN THE REALM OF THE MEDICAL BRANCH OF THE ICS?

EXTRICATION

AS A TRIAGE SUPERVISOR, YOU:

MUST NOT BEGIN TREATMENT UNTIL ALL PATIENTS HAVE BEEN TRIAGED

WHAT ACTIVITIES OCCUR IN THE "WARM ZONE"?

DECONTAMINATION

WHAT IS THE TYPICAL FUNCTION OF THE RESCUE TEAM?

TO PROVIDE SAFE ENTRY AND ACCESS TO PATIENTS

THE LEAST PRACTICAL PLACE TO STORE A PORTABLE OXYGEN CYLINDER IS:

IN THE DRIVER'S COMPARTMENT

THE MOST APPROPRIATE LOCATION TO PARK YOUR AMBULANCE AT A HAZMAT INCIDENT IS:

UPWIND AT LEAST 100' AND UPHILL AT LEAST 25' FROM THE INCIDENT SITE

THE MAJORITY OF A HORIZONTAL PATIENT'S WEIGHT IS IN THE

TORSO

AMI OCCURS WHEN

MYOCARDIAL TISSUE DIES SECONDARY TO AN ABSENCE OF OXYGEN

EPINEPHRINE IS INDICATED FOR PATIENTS WITH AN ALLERGIC REACTION WHEN _____ AND _____ ARE PRESENT

WHEEZING AND
HYPOTENSION

SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF A STROKE DEPENDS ON:

WHETHER THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY IS GIVEN WITHIN 3 HOURS AFTER SYMPTOM ONSET

MAXIMUM DOSES FOR NITRO

3 DOSES

THREE MAJOR PARTS OF THE BRAIN

CEREBRUM
CEREBELLUM
BRAIN STEM

SPLEEN

ASSISTS IN BLOOD FILTRATION, SERVES AS A BLOOD RESERVOIR, AND PRODUCES ANTIBODIES

HEROIN IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN

OPIOID

SOLID ABDOMINAL ORGANS INCLUDE THE

SPLEEN
KIDNEYS
PANCREAS

DIABETIC COMA

"HYPERGLYCEMIA" COOL, CLAMMY SKIN

TYPE 1 DIABETES

CONDITION IN WHICH NO INSULIN IS PRODUCED BY THE BODY

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