ch. 4 (rocks)- science final vocab

Created by ilovelucy9 

Upgrade to
remove ads

20 terms · chapter 4 rock vocab

rock-forming mineral

a group of 20 minerals that make up most of the rocks in the earth's crust

granite

a henerally light-colored rock that has high silica content

basalt

a dark colored rock that is low in silica

grains

particles of minerals or other rocks

texture

the look and feel of a rock's surface

igneous rock

the type of rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava

sedimentary rock

rock that forms when particles of other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together

metamorphic rock

the rock that forms when an existing rock is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions

extrusive rock

igneous rock formed from lava that erupted onto earth's surface

intrusive rock

igneous rock that formed when magma hardened beneath earth's surface

foliated

the word describing the thin, flat layering found in most metamorphic rocks

sediment

small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things

erosion

when running water, wind, or ice loosen and carry away fragments of rock

deposition

the process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it

compaction

the process that presses sediments together

cementation

the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize an glue particles of sediment together

clastic rock

a sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together

organic rock

rock that forms where the remains of plants and animals areposited in thick layers

chemical rock

rock formed when minerals that are dissolved in a solution crystallize

rock cycle

a series of processes on earth's surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly change rocks frome one kind to another

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set