properties of an acid
a substance that tastes tart or sour, will change the color of an acid-base indicator, and can be strong or weak electrolytes in an aqueous solution.
properties of a base
a substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, will change the color of an acid-base indicator, and can be a strong or weak electrolyte
an acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen
an acid that contains two ionizable hydrogens
an acid that contains three ionizable hydrogens
how to produce a basic solution
react group 1A alkali metals with water
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen ion
a water molecule that gains a hydrogen ion (H3O+)
the reaction in which water molecules produce ions (H+ and OH-)
any aqueous solution in which [H+] and [OH-] are equal
the product of [H+] and [OH-] (ion-product constant for water Kw)
1 x 10^-14
pH of pure water or a neutral solution
14 - pH or -log[OH-]`
an acid or a base that undergoes dissociation in a known pH range and form different colors.
an acid that completely ionizes in an aqueous solution (HCl, HNO3 and H2SO4)
an acid that ionizes only slightly in an aqueous solution
a reaction in which an acid and base react in an aqueous solution to produce water and a salt
a compound consisting of an anion from an acid and a cation from a base
when the number of moles of hydrogen ions equals the number of moles of hydroxide ions
the process of adding a known amount of solution of known concentration to determine the concentration of another solution
the solution of known concentration in titration
the point at which the indicator changes color in titration. also called the point of neutralization.
something that can act as both an acid or base in a reaction, such as water.