Endocrine Glands, Hormones, and Their Functions

13 terms by mpwhite

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

From Structure and Function of the Body, 12th edition

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates secretion of adrenal cortex hormones

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland; in females, it stimulates the development of ovarian follicles and the secretion of estrogen; in men, it stimulates seminiferous tubules of testes to grow and produce sperm

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

a tropic hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland; in females, it stimulates maturation of ovarian follicle and ovum, stimulates the secretion of estrogen, triggers ovulation, and stimulates the development of the corpus luteum; in males, it stimulates the interstitial cells of the testes to secrete testosterone

Growth hormone (GH)

hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates growth in all organs; mobilizes food molecules, causing an increase in blood glucose concentration

Prolactin (lactogenic hormone)

hormone located in the anterior Pituitary gland that stimulates breast development during pregnancy and milk secretion (milk let-down) after pregnancy

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

hormone located in the posterior Pituitary gland stimulates retention of water by kidneys

Oxytocin

hormone located in the posterior Pituitary gland that stimulates uterine contraction at the end of pregnancy; stimulates the release of milk into breast ducts

Releasing hormones

hormones located in the hypothalamus that stimulate the anterior Pituitary to release hormones

Inhibiting hormones

hormones located in the hypothalamus that inhibit the anterior pituitary's secretion of hormones

Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)

hormones located in the thyroid gland that stimulate the energy metabolism of all cells

Calcitonin

hormone located in the thyroid gland that inhibits the breakdown of bone and causes a decrease in blood calcium concentration

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

hormone located in the parathyroid gland that stimulates the breakdown of bone and causes an increase in blood calcium concentration

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set