The american colonies emerge (Unit 1, chapter 2)

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An English settlement at Jamestown

Joint-stock companies funded English colonies;
Allowed investors to put money to support a colony.
Charter: official permit granted by king
Virginia company > Virginia; Jamestown

John Smith

Made colonists work to earn food

"Brown gold" and indentured servants

Tobacco
Headright system = anyone who paid for another persons passage received 50 acres of land; indentured servants followed

The settler battle Native Americans

Due to bad relations with the Powhatan, Virginia became a royal colony (directly by the king)

Hostilities develop

Sir William Berkley imposed high taxes of poor colonists (western)

Bacon's rebellion

Nathaniel Bacon raised an army of poor and marched on SEPTEMBER OF 1676 (100 yrs before revolution)
Lack of representation in House of Burgesses à Virginia's colonial legislature

Puritans

purify or reform Church of England by getting rid of all traces of Roman Catholicism in the Anglican Church

Puritans create a "New England"

John Winthrop (first governor): "CITY UPON A HILL"

Pilgrims

Didn't think it was possible to reform church > SEPARATISTS
Founded Plymouth Colony (2nd colony)
Founded the Massachusetts Bay colony

Roger Williams

Declared land isn't there's unless purchased from natives
Believed in religious freedom
Moved to providence Rhode island à separation of church & state

Anne Hutchinson

Believed no one was needed to help interpret bible

The Pequot War

Resulted in the near destruction of Pequot nation in Connecticut

King Philip's war

Between the puritans & natives
Destroyed native American resistance in southeastern New England

Penn's "holy experiment"

Quakers moved to Pennsylvania
Good relations with Natives

Mercantilism

British interest > ultimate goal was to be self-sufficient
Balance of trade
America = raw materials

Navigation acts

Passed by parliament (legislative body)
No country could trade w/ colonies unless goods were shipped in colonial/English ships
All vessels operated by ¾ English/colonial
Certain products only to England
All goods have to pass English port first

Crackdown in Massachusetts

Refused to follow acts; royal colony

The dominion of New England

King James II united land from southern Maine to New jersey
Sir Edmund Andros

The glorious Revolution

William of Orange chased James II away
Throne of Mary and William

Salutary Neglect

A policy practiced on the colonies by Britain; although many laws were set in place none were enforced

Results of Salutary Neglect

Due to this, the colonies felt they could self-govern themselves. The Governor was elected by the king and an advisory council appointed by the Governor was chosen then the people elected a local assembly. They were paid by the colonists, hence the people had power over the Governor.

Cash crop

In the south, a plantation economy was forming. They produced a cash crop > grown for sale rather than farmers own use. Unlike the north, that produced it for the farmers use.

Triangular trade

Three way trading process: merchants carried rum & other goods from New England to Africa; in Africa they traded their merchandise for enslaved people, whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and gold; then shipped to New England and distilled into rum. The middle passage was a trade of slaves in America and Africa.

The start of the French & Indian war

George Washington attacked French and French counterattacked. This ignited a war between GB & France.

Proclamation of 1763

Banned all settlement west of Appalachians to stop further problems with Indians

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