An English settlement at Jamestown
Joint-stock companies funded English colonies;
Allowed investors to put money to support a colony.
Charter: official permit granted by king
Virginia company > Virginia; Jamestown
Made colonists work to earn food
"Brown gold" and indentured servants
Headright system = anyone who paid for another persons passage received 50 acres of land; indentured servants followed
The settler battle Native Americans
Due to bad relations with the Powhatan, Virginia became a royal colony (directly by the king)
Sir William Berkley imposed high taxes of poor colonists (western)
Nathaniel Bacon raised an army of poor and marched on SEPTEMBER OF 1676 (100 yrs before revolution)
Lack of representation in House of Burgesses à Virginia's colonial legislature
purify or reform Church of England by getting rid of all traces of Roman Catholicism in the Anglican Church
Puritans create a "New England"
John Winthrop (first governor): "CITY UPON A HILL"
Didn't think it was possible to reform church > SEPARATISTS
Founded Plymouth Colony (2nd colony)
Founded the Massachusetts Bay colony
Declared land isn't there's unless purchased from natives
Believed in religious freedom
Moved to providence Rhode island à separation of church & state
Believed no one was needed to help interpret bible
The Pequot War
Resulted in the near destruction of Pequot nation in Connecticut
King Philip's war
Between the puritans & natives
Destroyed native American resistance in southeastern New England
Penn's "holy experiment"
Quakers moved to Pennsylvania
Good relations with Natives
British interest > ultimate goal was to be self-sufficient
Balance of trade
America = raw materials
Passed by parliament (legislative body)
No country could trade w/ colonies unless goods were shipped in colonial/English ships
All vessels operated by ¾ English/colonial
Certain products only to England
All goods have to pass English port first
Crackdown in Massachusetts
Refused to follow acts; royal colony
The dominion of New England
King James II united land from southern Maine to New jersey
Sir Edmund Andros
The glorious Revolution
William of Orange chased James II away
Throne of Mary and William
A policy practiced on the colonies by Britain; although many laws were set in place none were enforced
Results of Salutary Neglect
Due to this, the colonies felt they could self-govern themselves. The Governor was elected by the king and an advisory council appointed by the Governor was chosen then the people elected a local assembly. They were paid by the colonists, hence the people had power over the Governor.
In the south, a plantation economy was forming. They produced a cash crop > grown for sale rather than farmers own use. Unlike the north, that produced it for the farmers use.
Three way trading process: merchants carried rum & other goods from New England to Africa; in Africa they traded their merchandise for enslaved people, whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and gold; then shipped to New England and distilled into rum. The middle passage was a trade of slaves in America and Africa.
The start of the French & Indian war
George Washington attacked French and French counterattacked. This ignited a war between GB & France.
Proclamation of 1763
Banned all settlement west of Appalachians to stop further problems with Indians