auscultation and percussion
procedure that uses a stethoscope to listen to breath sounds. Percussion uses the finger of one hand to tap over the finger of the other hand that is spread across the patient's back over a lobe of the lung. The sound tells the physician if the lung is clear or if there is fluid or a tumor present
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
procedure to ventilate the lungs and artificially circulate the blood if the patient has stopped breathing and the heart has stopped beating. Mouth to mouth resuscitation involves forcing air into the victim's lungs; chest compressions pump blood through the heart.
procedure in which an endotracheal tube is inserted. A lighted laryngoscope helps visualize the vocal cords. The tube goes from outside the mouth, between the vocal cords of the larynx, and into the trachea. This established airway for a patient who is not breathing or needs a ventilator.
procedure to assist a choking victim with an airway obstruction. The rescuer stands behind the victim and places a fist on the victim's abdominal wall just below the diaphragm and, with both hands, gives a sudden push inward and upward. This generates a burst of air that pushes the obstruction into the mouth where it can be expelled.
medical device to encourage patients to breathe deeply to prevent atelectasis. A spirometer is a portable plastic device with a mouthpiece and balls that move as the patient inhales forcefully.
procedure to proved additional oxygen to patients with pulmonary disease. Delivered to the patient via a nasal cannula or a face mask. (humidified oxygen).
procedure during a physical examination in which the temperature, pulse, respirations (TPR), and blood pressure (BP) are measured. The respirations are measured for one minute by counting each rise and fall of the thorax as one breath.
procedure that uses a lighted bronchoscope inserted through the mouth and larynx to examine the trachea and bronchi. Attachments on the bronchoscope can remove foreign bodies, suction thick mucus, or perform a biopsy
chest tube insertion
procedure that inserts a plastic tube between the ribs and into the thoracic cavity to remove accumulated air or blood due to trauma or infection.. The tube is connected to a container (to measure the drainage) and to a suction device. Used to treat pneumothorax, pyothorax, or hemothorax.
procedure to remove part or all of a lung. A wedge resection removes a small wedge shaped piece of lung tissue. A segmental resection removes a large piece or a segment of a lob. A lobectomy removes an entire lobe. A pneumonetomy removes an entire lung.
procedure that uses a needle and a vacuum container to remove pleural fluid from the pleural space. Treats pleural effusion or obtain fluid for the diagnosis of lung cancer.
incision into the thoracic cavity. this is the first step of a surgical procedure involving the thoracic cavity and lungs.
this procedure begins with an incision into the trachea (tracheotomy) to create an opening. A tracheostomy tube is then inserted to keep the opening from closing. Provides temporary or permanent access to the lungs in patients who need respiratory support, usually with a ventilator. (trach)