has two chambers: in Vermont, it is the House of Representatives and the senate
House of Representatives
one section of the legislative branch. There are 150 in Vermont and they represent 4000 people
One section of the legislative branch. They represent about 20,000 people in one or more counties
the amount of times in which the legislators meet and discuss and pass laws for the next two years (this happens every two years)
a proposed law
A declaration of the legislative body
a team that works with the legislators to write bills and laws. This includes lawyers and administrative staff
The first official step in the lawmaking process. The bill is introduced to the Senate or house to be considered and then it is sent to a committee to be studied
The legislators that propose a bill
Speaker of the House
Leader elected by the House of Representatives
A position that is elected by the voters. They have control over the senate unless they are Acting Governor (death or incapacity of the Governor and when the governor is not in the state)
President Pro Tempore
A position that serves in the Lieutenant Governor's place when the LT Governor is absent. They are elected by the members of the Senate.
Meetings of a committee in which regular people are invited to comment on legislation that has been proposed, or issues with the public or decisions in policy.
People who are paid or spend over $500 to convince legislators to pass or not pass laws and policies. They often work closely with legislators to help shape bills.
To make changes to a bill while it is in committee
Passed out favorable
A vote in the committee to give the bill back to the House or Senate with a recommendation that it should be approved.
Passed out unfavorable
A vote in the committee to give the bill back to the House or Senate with a recommendation that it should not be approved.
Passed out favorably with amendment
a vote in the committee to give back the bill to the House or Senate with a recommendation that it should be approved with changes made by the committee
Without any recommendations
A bill that is sent back to the House or Senate without a recommendation from the committee. This usually only happens when the committee cannot agree on what recommendations to make.
Table the bill
A bill that is kept in committee so that it never gets voted on by the House or Senate. It can be called up again at any time.
Dies in committee
A bill that is not returned to the House or the Senate for a debate and Vote.
The title of a bill is read on the floor of the Senate or House after it is introduced (that is the first time)
When a bill is read by title on the floor of the house or senate after the second time. This is the final bill
A legislator who is a committee member that is bringing the bill the floor to be voted on.
Something that is published daily by the Legislative Council. It lists the bills that are going to be debated on that day.
Legislators debate the bill by arguing either in favor or against the bill. They offer amendments if they have any. This happens before the bill is voted on
a break from a House or Senate meeting
Roll Call vote
the House or Secretary of the Senate reads off every legislator's name, and they answer yes or no, or they don't vote. (only with this, the public will know how each legislator voted on a certain bill)
House Clerk and Secretary of the Senate
Positions elected by the legislative branch to track the bills, resolutions, votes, and the outcomes of the legislators. They prepare journals and calendars.
a committee made up of three senators and representatives appointed by the leader of their chambers.
To not participate
When the governor does not sign a law.
when the President holds the bill until the end of a Congressional Session so they have the full ten days to consider it. This is done so they have more time and aren't rushed into signing the bill.
Half of the population plus one