Bacteria/Virus Test

42 terms by silverrain1010 

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Poison made by some bacteria

toxin

Process where two bacteria join and exchange genetic material

conjugation

rod shaped bacteria

bacilli

prefix used when bacteria grow in clusters

staphylo

process by which a single bacterium divides to make two identical bacteria

binary fission

Spherical shaped bacteria

cocci

Bacteria that live in very hot, acid environments such as hot springs

archaebacteria

Bacteria that do not need oxygen

anaerobe

Dormant stage of bacteria that hep them survive harsh environments

endospore

Carbohydrate in the cell walls of eubacteria

peptidoglycan

organisms without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles

prokaryotes

prefix used when bacteria grow in chains

strepto

live in swamps and in sewage and produce methane gas

methanogens

bacteria that gram stain purple

gram positive

true bacteria

eubacteria

bacteria that require oxygen

aerobe

long whip-like tails for movement in some bacteria

flagella

corkscrew shaped bacteria that may cause disease

spirilla

short hairs on the walls of some bacteria for attachment

pila

stain used to dye bacteria so they can be classified

gram

the outer protein coat of a virus

capsid

particle of nucleic acid and protein that can reproduce only by infecting living cells

virus

organism that obtains energy directly from inorganic molecules

chemoautotroph

sphere-shaped bacterium

cocci

type of infection in which the host cell bursts and is destroyed

lytic

single-celled microorganism that lacks a nucleus

prokaryote

disease-causing agent

pathogen

rod-shaped bacterium

bacillus

type of spore that can remain dormant until favorable conditions for growth arise

endospore

type of infection in which a host cell makes copies of the virus indefinitely

lysogenic

how bacteria exchange genetic material

conjugation

compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria

antibiotic

bacteria may reproduce by ------ fission

binary

the process of converting nitrogen into a form that plants can use is...

nitrogen fixation

a structure prokaryotes use to propel themselves

flagellum

the larger of the two kingdoms prokaryotes is the

eubacteria

a prokaryote that carries out photosynthesis is called an

autotroph

a typical -----is composed of a core of DNA and RNA surrounded by a protein coat

virus

a virus that infects bacteria is called a

bacteriophage

a virus that stores its genetic information as RNA is called a

retrovirus

a ----- can be used to cure many bacterial diseases

virus

what is the name of the enzyme that is used in a retrovirus?

reversetranscriptase

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