Renaissance Test

Created by kdeuber12 

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47 terms

renaissance

1300-1600 AD; rebirth of learning in europe

perspective

showing objects as they appear to the eye

reformation

reform/improve religious customs; great power of the roman catholic church

indulgence

official pardons given by the pope in exchange for $

protestant

protestors of the Catholic church

leonardo da vinci

500 years ago; studied birds

michelangelo

sponsored by Lorenzo de Medici; sculpter; Paintings cover the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican in Rome

martin luther

1517 criticized the church

florence

renaissance started here

sistine chapel

ceiling painted by michelangelo

catholic reformation

Pope Paul III worked to change church; Continued to believe that only the clergy

navigator

expert sailors

caravel

larger, stronger, easier to steer, faster ship

astrolabe

measured latitude from the equator

circumnavigate

to sail completely around

henry the navigator

Prince of Portugal; opened school for mapmakers, shipbuilders, navigators from all over the world

ferdinand magellan

Set sail in 1519 with 5 ships and a crew of 250 men

cape bojador

Sailors were unwilling to sail beyond--- Fear of sea monsters; Green Sea of Darkness

strait of magellan

near the tip of South America; Took 38 days to sail through Strait; due to fierce winds and winding waterways

columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World

queen isabella & king ferdinand

King & Queen of spain who gave colombus the ships and sailors to sail to the new world

portugal

country Columbus was from

spain

absolute monarchy here

italy

reformation and renaissance started here

philippines

where was magellen killed

democracy

the people elect representatives to govern

divine right

King's rule came directly from God; God chose the king

absolute monarchy

Complete power over every aspect of his kingdom

louis XIV

known as Sun King b/c sun is the center of the universe

cardinal richelieu

served as Chief Minister to Louis XIII for 18 years

peter the great

Czar of Russia in 1682; modernized Russian Army and navy; improved farming and industry; added ports so Russia could trade by sea; limited power of nobles

versailles

Very extravagant lifestyle

sun king

sun is the center of the universe; process of absolute power was gained over 150 years by monarchs

czar

peter the great; modernized Russian Army and navy

st.petersburg

window to the west

elizabeth I

monarch from 1558 to 1603 who established a strong central government while respecting the rights of parliament.

magna carta

a legal document that limits the kings power and gave the nobles a larger role in the goverment

ecomieda

in this system, the Spanish king gave settlers large areas of land; supposed to allow the natives to work their own plots of land for food

conquistador

conquerors

moctezuma

ruler of the Aztec empire in the Valley of Mexico; very powerful; Believed gods were more powerful

hernan cortes

Leader of the pale skinned men; originally was searching for gold; rallied support of other native tribes against the Aztecs

malinche

helped gather support for hernan cortes

francisco pizzaro

conquered the Incan empire in 1533; Conquered 12 million people with an army of 200 soldiers

tenochtitlan

capital was aztec

effects of slavery on africa

disaster for Africa; wars against neighbors

kings become more powerful throughout europe

the divine rights; god chose the king; rule came directly from god

moors

spanish muslims

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