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4 Written Questions

4 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -tough connective tissue layer that defines the boundaries of the middle mediastinum
    -cone shaped bag, attached to diaphragm at base, continuous with adventitia of great vessels at apex
  2. anterior surface: mainly rt ventricle, small contributions from rt atrium and lt ventricle
    diaphragmatic surface: lt ventricle, small part rt ventricle
    L pulmonary: L ventricle, L atrium
    R pulmonary: R atrium
    Base (posterior surface): L atrium, small part R atrium, proximal parts great veins
  3. 1. pericardium
    2. heart
    3. origin of great vessels:
    -ascending aorta
    -pulmonary arteries
    -pulmonary veins
    -superior vena cava
    -inferior vena cava
    4. Phrenic nerves
  4. 1. anterior: area anterior to pericardial sac and posterior to sternum
    2. middle: centrally located in thoracic cavity (contains heart)
    3. Posterior

4 True/False Questions

  1. What is the pericardium and what are its components?*sac surrounding heart and roots of great vessels
    1. fibrous pericardium
    2. Serous pericardium

          

  2. What separates the 2 main components of the mediastinum?1. pericardium
    2. heart
    3. origin of great vessels:
    -ascending aorta
    -pulmonary arteries
    -pulmonary veins
    -superior vena cava
    -inferior vena cava
    4. Phrenic nerves

          

  3. Where is the coronary sulcus?It separates the atria and ventricles

          

  4. What are the pericardial sinuses?*areas of continuity between the parietal and visceral serous pericardium around great vessels, creat reflections of serous pericardium
    1. Transverse pericardial sinus: separates aorta and pulmonary artery from the superior vena cava
    2. oblique pericardial sinus: formed by reflection of serous pericardium onto pulmonary veins

          

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