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4 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. It separates the atria and ventricles
  2. *transverse plane extending back from the sternal angle to the intervertebral disc btw. T4 and T5
    *Separates mediastinum into superior and inferior compartments
  3. *areas of continuity between the parietal and visceral serous pericardium around great vessels, creat reflections of serous pericardium
    1. Transverse pericardial sinus: separates aorta and pulmonary artery from the superior vena cava
    2. oblique pericardial sinus: formed by reflection of serous pericardium onto pulmonary veins
  4. 1. pericardium
    2. heart
    3. origin of great vessels:
    -ascending aorta
    -pulmonary arteries
    -pulmonary veins
    -superior vena cava
    -inferior vena cava
    4. Phrenic nerves

4 True/False questions

  1. What vessels return blood to the R atrium?*2 layers
    1. parietal: lines inner surface fibrous pericardium
    2. visceral: adheres to heart and forms its outer coating-->epicardium
    *serous pericardium continuous at the roots of the great vessel
    *everywhere else there is a narrow space between them called the pericardial cavity

          

  2. How is the heart oriented in the body? (anterior surface, diaphragmatic, L/R pulmonary, base)**thymus (may not be evident in cadaver)
    also
    -fat
    -connective tissue
    -lymph nodes
    -branches of internal thoracic vessels
    -sternopericardial ligaments

          

  3. What is the serous pericardium?-tough connective tissue layer that defines the boundaries of the middle mediastinum
    -cone shaped bag, attached to diaphragm at base, continuous with adventitia of great vessels at apex

          

  4. What is the fibrous pericardium?*2 layers
    1. parietal: lines inner surface fibrous pericardium
    2. visceral: adheres to heart and forms its outer coating-->epicardium
    *serous pericardium continuous at the roots of the great vessel
    *everywhere else there is a narrow space between them called the pericardial cavity

          

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