Endocrine system

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ADH

produced by the hypothalamus; stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water

Posterior lobe of the pituitary

stores and secretes ADH and oxytocin

Oxytocin

produced in the hypothalamus; responsible for stimulated smooth muscle contractions of the uterus and stimulates the release of milk from the alveoli

TSH

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; responsible for thyroxine and regulates the overall function of the thyroid gland

ACTH

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; role is to regulate the production of the steroid hormones (glucocorticoids) that regulate the bodies stress response

FSH

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; stimulates the final maturation of eggs in the female and sperm in the male

LH

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; this hormone will stimulate the major hormones (E, P, or T) that will stimulate the release of the egg or testosterone production

PRL

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; involved in milk production or in stimulating this process

GH

produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary; stimulate the growth of cells

Melatonin

produced in the pineal gland of the epithalamus (in the brain) and regulates sleep/wake cycles; also regulates reproduction and mood

Thyroid hormone

produced in the thyroid gland and regulates the metabolism of the body; this includes heart rate, digestion, etc.

Calcitonin

produced in the thyroid gland and is responsible for stimulating bones to put calcium into their matrix

PTH

produced in the PT gland and stimulates bone to release calcium from their matrix to increase the amount in the blood supply

Mineralocorticosteroids

produced in the adrenal gland cortex; regulate the ion concentrations in the body; aldosterone is the most important one that tells the kidneys to reabsorb Na+

Glucocorticoids

produced in the adrenal gland cortex; helps the body deal with stress or are produced during stressful times to regulate metabolism; cortisol is a major one in this group

Gonadocorticoids

produced in the adrenal gland cortex; these are the sex hormones (androgens) that will stimulate puberty and the development of secondary sex traits

Catecholamines (Epi and norepi)

produced in the adrenal gland medulla; to regulate heart rate and metabolism (epi) or blood pressure changes (norepi); these stimulate the stress response

Estrogen

produced in the ovaries; the role is to develop and maintain the sex organs and secondary sex characteristics

Progesterone

produced in the ovaries; the role is to develop breasts and regulate the menstrual cycle

Testosterone

produced in the testes; role is to develop secondary sex characteristics, stimulate sperm production and development

ANP

produced by the heart in response to increases in blood pressure and blood volume

Erythropoietin

produced by the kidneys to stimulate RBC production

Glucagon

produced by the pancreas to increase blood glucose levels

Insulin

produced by the pancreas to decrease blood glucose levels

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