Roman civilization study notes #3
|Constantine the Great|| |
Being the first Roman Emperor to profess Christianity. Constantine's support of the religion would help transform it into the institution it would remain through the Middle Ages.
|Arch of Constantine|
Triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the latest of the existing triumphal arches in Rome, from which it differs by spolia, the extensive re-use of parts of earlier buildings
|The Rostra in the Roman Forum|| |
The Forum was the political and legal center of Rome. There also were important temples in the Forum. The Rostra (speaker's platform)
|Roman Sarcophagi|| |
Popular before the Punic Wars. The earliest known example is that of the consul Cneius Cornelius Scipio of the 3d cent. B.C., now in the Vatican. Under the rule of the emperors Roman sarcophagi became elaborate, with mythological scenes carved on the sides and statues of the deceased on the lid
|Villa of the Mysteries|| |
Preserved ruin of a Roman Villa which lies north-west of Pompeii, southern Italy. Interpretation of the images is scenes of the initiation of a woman into a special cult of Dionysus, a mystery cult that required specific rites and rituals to become a member
|Augustus Prima Porta|| |
Sent from Venus, Virgil, Anais. Couros. Parthenon and idealized. Discovered on April 20, 1863, in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, near Rome. Augustus Caesar's wife, Livia Drusilla, retired to the villa after his death
|Ara Pacis|| |
Alter of peace, inside imperial procession, legislation for family living.
Italia, woman sitting with 2 children, peace and prosperity
|Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum)|| |
Located in Pozzuoli, is the third largest Roman amphitheater in Italy. Emperor Vespasian and probably finished under the reign of his son Titus
|Spoils of Jerusalem (Arch of Titus)|
Movement of candle stick. Provides the only contemporary depiction of sacred articles taken from the Temple in Jerusalem. The seven-branched menorah and trumpets are clearly depicted. It became one of the most poignant symbols of the diaspora. In a later era, Pope Paul IV made it the place of a yearly oath of submission, forced by the Pope on the Jews of the new Roman Ghetto
|Column of Trajan|| |
Column is the main thing that remains, military campaigns. Rome, Italy, which commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars
Dedicated to the gods, emperor who built it: Hardrian, Augustus' relative. Marble roman construction. Meaning "Every god") is a building in Rome, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD
|Commodus as Hercules|| |
Associated with death. Last year of his reign, Commodus threw restraint to the winds and had the senate declare him a god. He assumed such titles as Conqueror of the World, Roman Hercules, and All-Surpasser and named the twelve months of the year after himself.
Trojan prince, destined by the gods to found the eventual race of Romans. Here fleeing with his father and son Ascanius and the household gods.
Flickr Creative Commons Images
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- "Constantine the Great" image
- "Arch of Constantine" image
- "The Rostra in the Roman Forum" image
- "Roman Sarcophagi" image
- "Villa of the Mysteries" image
- "Augustus Prima Porta" image
- "Ara Pacis" image
- "Tellus" image
- "Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum)" image
- "Spoils of Jerusalem (Arch of Titus)" image
- "Column of Trajan" image
- "Pantheon" image
- "Commodus as Hercules" image
- "Aeneas" image
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