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sound devices

as with music, they transmit ideas and emotions
not mere decoration; chosen to create emotion

foot

basic measure of rhythm

composed of

one accented syllable and one or more unaccented

meter

regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

gives a line of poetry

rhythm

stanza

a group of lines forming a unit of poetry

example:quatrain

a four-lined stanza

rhythm

pattern created by arranged stressed and unstressed syllables

exact rhyme

a repetition of vowels and all succeeding consonant sounds

approximate rhyme

final sounds are similar, not exact

aka

slat rhyme
ex- stone and one

end rhyme

rhyme occurs at the end of lines

internal rhyme

rhyme occurs within the lines

rhyme scheme

the pattern or sequence in which rhyme occurs

represented by

lower case letters by each sound

ex: a Shakespeare sonnet

ababcdcdefefgg

onomatopoeia

a word that imitates or suggest the sound it describes

example

whisper

word invention

poets often create words to achieve startling effects

but they must provide

clues to the meaning

example:

"Jabberwocky" by Lewis Carroll 'Twas brillig

repetition

the repeating of sounds , letters, words or lines to help give poetry meaning, form and sound

parallelism

repetition of phrases or sentences so repeated parts are alike in structure or meaning

alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds (silken sad)

consonance

repetition of internal consonant sounds (uncertain rustling)

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds (molten, golden notes)

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