Restorative Art - Natural & Aquired Facial Markings

45 terms by kgentry5

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Furrow

a linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations; a wrinkle; they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visable.

Groove

an elongated depression on a surface plane of the face.

Fold

an elongated prominence of flesh; it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface; it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows

Sulcus

used to describe a furrow, wrinkle, or groove; it is a depression or indentation; may be described the opposite of an eminence.

Eminence

a prominence, projection, protrusion, bump or bulge; may be described the opposite of a sulcus

Philtrum is a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Philtrum

the vertical groove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow; it resembles a parenthesis; may be obscured in old age.

Naso Labial Fold is a(n) _________ facial marking.

natural

Naso Labial Fold

a prominence of the anterior part of the cheek; it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth; it usually disappears at the line of lip closure.

Nasal Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Nasal Sulcus

the small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold; often seen best at a profile view.

Oblique Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

a shallow curving groove originating below the inner canthus of the eye; a darkened groove that moves downward and lateral in direction.

Angulus Oris Sulcus is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

natural

Angulus Oris Sulcus

a small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of lip closure; it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure.

Angulus Oris Eminence is a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Angulus Oris Eminence

a small convex prominence which begins on the upper intergumentary lip; it begins medially and superiorly to the line of lip closure; it moves obliquely downward and disappears; it has no definite borders; its presence is essential to proper mouth expression.

Labiomental Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Labiomental Sulcus

is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin; its linear form is an arc

Submental Sulcus is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

natural

Submental Sulcus

lies at the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area

Dimples are a(n) __________ facial marking.

natural

Dimples

shallow depressions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin; may be round or vertical; when found in the chin it is always visible, but when found in the cheeks they are only visible when smiling.

Nasolabial Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.

acquired

Nasolabial Sulcus

a furrow which may develop along the medial margin of the naso labial fold; it originates from the superior margin of the nasal wing.

Transverse Frontal Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Transverse Frontal Sulci

the furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings; they may mimic the forms of the eyebrows

Intercillary Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Intercillary Sulci

vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows; transverse ones often indicate concentration, while vertical ones usually indicate frowning.

Optical Facial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Optical Facial Sulci

crows feet; they radiate from the lateral end of the eye, and may appear straight or curved.

Superior Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) __________ facial marking.

acquired

Superior Palpebral Sulcus

the furrow of the upper attached margin of the closed upper eyelid

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus is a(n) _____________ facial marking.

acquired

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

the furrow of the lower attached border of the open/closed lower eyelid; is shorter than the inferior palpebral sulcus.

Chords of the Neck is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Chords of the Neck

may be single and convex (turkey wattle) or in pairs; the folds are always vertical

Bucco-Facial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Bucco-Facial Sulci

a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheek; it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure.

Mandibular Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Mandibular Sulci

originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek; lateral to the naso labial fold.

Platysmal Sulci is a(n) _________ facial marking.

acquired

Platysmal Sulci

a double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck; they appear across the neck and vary in length.

Labial Sulci is a(n) ___________ facial marking.

acquired

Labial Sulci

fine vertical furrows that cross the mucous membrane and are part of the integumentary lip

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