Unit 6 WH

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33 terms

Bartolomeu Dias

an early Portuguese explorer that traveled around the cape of good hope

Prince Henry

nation's most enthusiastic supporter of exporation, son of Portugal's king, patron

Vasco da Gama

began exploring the east African coast. He reached Calicut. He was amazed by spices etc. This voyage gave Portugal a direct sea route to India

Treaty of Tordesillas

an greement between Portugal and Spain which honored the line. Imagery line in Atlantic Ocean. land to he west of the line= Spain and the land to the east of the line= Portugal

Dutch East India Company

richer and morepowerful than England's company. established and direct trade throughout Asia. This allowed them to get rid of the English and they established their dominance over the region.

Daimyo

warrior- chieftains, they became lords in the new feudalism, means "great name."

Tokugawa Shogunate

a dynast of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan

Haiku

5-7-5 syllable, 3-line verse poetry, present in images ratherr than ideas. (Tokugawa cultrue)

Kabuki

a type of Japanese drama in which music, dance, and mine are used to present stories. (Tokugawa cultrue)

Atlantic slave trade

the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americans, importanted by Europeans

Triangular Trade

trading network where goods and slaves were carried around the world.

Middle Passage

the voyage that brought captured Africans to the wast Indies and to North and South America. Considered the middle leg of transatlantic trade triangle.

Colony

land that is controlled by another nation

Conquistadors

the Spanish soliders, explorers and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas.

Francisco Pizarro

a conquistadors who marched a small force into South American and conquered the Incan Empire

Mestizo

mixed Spanish and Native American population: not a lot of women spaniards so they married Native Americans

Encomienda

ultimately forced native americans to labor for landlords. A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it.

Columbian Exchange

the global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during colonization of the Americas

Capitalism

an economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money for profit

Joint-Stock Company

a # of ppl combine their wealth for a common purpose and sharing the profits. Many risks to establish overseas colonies and this helped ppl not lose as much money if something went wrong

Mercantilism

an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought

Hernardo Cortes

landed on shores of Mexico. liked by Aztecs, got gold, conquistadors kill some aztecs, cortes driven out, cortes, strikes back

Ming Dynasty

when China became the most dominate Asian power

Qian-long

This Chinese emperor ruled the Qing-long Dynasty, China reached its greatest size and prosperity under his rule

Carvel

This ship, developed in the 1400s, combined the square sails of European vessels with the lateen triangular sails of their Arab counterparts. The new rigging made it easier to sail against the wind thus increasing the speed of sea travel

Astrolabe

This device was perfected by the Muslims and was used to measure the angles of the sun and stars above the horizon. Though it was difficult to use accurately in rough seas, it did allow for more accurate navigation and hence the expansion of sea travel

Montezuma II

Ruled the Aztec Empire. The aztec emperor who agreed to give Cortes a share of the empire's existing gold supply. First the Aztecs drove out of the Spanish, then they came back and conquered the Aztecs with their advanced weapons

Christopher Columbus

made the daring voyage from Spain and looked for a new route to Asia. Landed in the Caribbean

Economic revolution

allowed more job specialization, more goods, slavery, and disease exchange
silk road
comercial revolution

Qing Dynasty

Ruled by the Manchus; China's last dynasty

Magellan

Portuguese explorer who convinced the king of Spain to fund his voyage to the Pacific ocean. They were the first people to circumnavigate the world. from Portugal sailed for Spain

Zheng He

a chinese Muslim admiral who led one of the seven voyages, everything about them was big.

Vespucci

explorer and map maker

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