Carbonari and Mazzini's young Italy
Carbonari: Secret societies formed after the Congress of Vienna fell. Young Italy: a society led by Guisseppe Mazzini.
Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia
Powerful Italian city-state led by Victor Emmanuel I, and his prime minister Camillo Cavour.
Camillo de Cavour
Liberal monarchist who fought republicanism, and was the prime minister to Victor Emmanuel I in the kingdom of Piedmont.
King Victor Emmanuel
King of Piedmont-Sardinia, who eventually became king of Italy.
Austro Sardinian War
Tensions between Piedmont and Austria grew into a war in which Austria was defeated, however, Napoleon III who allied with Piedmont, allowed Austria to keep Venice, which angered Cavour.
Northern Italian state that Sardinia gained after the Austro-Sardinian war.
A connection of Mazzini's. He led protests that would result in guerrilla warfare in the 1800's. He angered many moderate Italians with his radical behavior.
Kingdom of the two Sicilies
Largest and wealthiest of the Italian city-states before the Unification of Italy. Consisted of the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Kingdom of Naples.
Problems with the new Italy
The north and south were incompatible economically and socially, Italian policies did not include much representation, Rome and Venice were annexed (not very unified), and the Vatican became detached.
Unredeemed Italy. Trentino, Trieste, Istria (& after Villafranca, Nice and Savoy). These were territories in which Italians were most numerous/preponderant but were not under Italian control.
The papal states (Rome) were the last to join in the unification. The pope was against unified italy until 1929. He thought good Italians were anti clerical, and good catholics cannot be good Italians.