Theater Chapters 1-4

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40 terms

theater

physical space and also a art form

3 categories of art

literary, visual, and performing

literary art

novels, short stories, and poetry

visual art

painting, sculpture, architecture, and photography. focuses on sight and touch

performing

theater, dance, opera, and music. takes up time and space

elements of theater

audience, performers, text or script, director, theater space, and design elements

script

written form of the play. mostly dialogue

director

the person who rehearses the performers and coordinates the work of the designers and others to make sure the production is cohesive

visual aspects

costumes, lighting, and some form of scenic background and sound

global

having to do with any activity- political, economic, artistic, cultural- in which nations and people around the world relate and interact

takes

repetitions of a scene in film

aesthetic distance

appreciation of artistic event. audience feels "safe" they feel emotionally comfortable

willing suspension of disbelief

we want so much to believe in the reality of what is happening onstage that we willingly put aside all literal and practical considerations in order to enter into the world of the drama. as an audience member i will stop disbelieving as an audience member

homogeneous audience

audience members come mostly from similar backgrounds and experiences. examples would be a college production audience would mostly have college students of the same age

heterogeneous

audience of many ethnic and social backgrounds of all ages

critic

someone who observes theater and then analyzes and comments on it

criticize

find fault or to understand and appraise

reviewer

usually works for a newspaper, a magazine, or a tv station, and reports on what has occurred at a theater event

auteur director

usually attempts to present his or her own version of a dramatic work, not necessarily that of the playwright

descriptive criticism

criticism that attempts to describe as clearly and accurately as possible what is happening in a performance

prescriptive criticism

criticism that offers advice and sometimes suggests rules for what should be done in theater

empathy

you feel exactly the same feeling as the character in the play

sympathy

you feel bad for the character at all

playwrights must

select the specific subject, determine the focus and emphasis, establish a purpose, develop dramatic structure, create dramatic characters, establish point of view

plot

order in which actions happen

conflict

the collision of opposition of persons or forces in a drama that gives rise to dramatic action

opposed forces

conflicting characters have clear strong goals or objectives but there also must be a sort of balance between them

climatic structure

contained, intense, structure in which little time passes until the climax occurs

episodic structure

cover an extended period of time, sometimes many years and ranges over a number of locations. it can jump from 3 years then jump to 2 years

stock characters

familiar traits and actions are always predictable. they are stereotypical characters

dominant trait

one aspect of such a character dominates, making for an unbalanced, often comic personality

minor characters

characters who play a small part in the overall action

protagonist

the leading character in a play, the chief or outstanding figure in action

antagonist

the character who opposes the protagonist

opening scene

establishes the setting, a conflict, opposing forces, and some characters

roadhouse

a theater that provides space for performances but is is not owned by a specific group of actors/actresses

climax

often defined as the high point in the action or the final and most significant crisis in the action

subplot

secondary plot that reinforces or runs parallel to the major plot in an episodic play

crisis

point within a play when the action reaches an important confrontation or takes a critical turn

obstacle

that which delays or prevents the achieving of a goal by a character. creates complication and conflict

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